Pelian (‘Rites’)

Nambi> Semenat Baruh Jeranku Kara> ("Recover Soul Under Exposed-roots Fig-tree") compared with Nanjun Pelapa> ("Erect Ritual-barrier") etc.

page

line

guides

shaman

meaning

p. 297: line

animal

p. 32 yan (guide)

juluk (title)

page


231

5

?

Usam






431:15

Usam


9

30

Lansu>








233

20

33

Gendai








235

32

34

Rec^ap








237

43

35

Nyara>









54

36


"we shamans"





431: 26-28

"we" Duau & Menani












241

78


mayas

orangutan

162

clouded leopard

7. daemon huntsman

Jegun










6. hawk menaul

Sada




81


baya

crocodile

160

crocodile



433

crocodile


83


landak

porcupine

158

porcupine

5. porcupine landak

Guyak

395

Guyak








4. otter rinin

Menjayan

397

Menjayan








3. black beetle ridun

Bekuk








156

turtle (lelabi)

2. turtle lelabi

Jelapi>

403: 590

Jelapi>


86


nadin

wildcat





403: 592

Empun wildcat

243

88


entawai dara

bat maiden





429: 8

bat shamans








1. tortoise tekura

Beguru

429: 12

turtle


92


sawa>

python

151

python





Neraga Buna ("Fence Flower")

page

line

plant-part

meaning

line

is transformed (by Lansu>) into

meaning

line on p. 271

object

267

121

pugu>

rootstock

122

tusah ati

"troubled heart" rings

150

ring


123

pun

base

124

benda tali

valued-jar cord

151

menaga bulan (jar)

267, 269

125

buna

blossom

126

kumbu>

ritual-cloth

152

kumbu>

269

127

batan

stem

127

besi

iron




128

dan

branch

128

besi berani

magnet




131

ketupan

petals

132

pelaga

beads

159

carnelian

Nyembayan ("journey" to otherworld)

each bird, sequentially, is asked whereabouts of gemitan "soul"

page

line

bird

meaning


line

tree/plant etc.

279

8

kunc^it



14

emperawan

279

15

kejira>

warbler

281

20

jeluan padi

281

21

empulu



28

kereban fruit

281

29

keresak

spider-hunter

283

34

mimicking lost hound

283

35

sematun

long-billed spider-hunter


40

kec^ala> nectar


41

semalau

Straits magpie


49

pandan "pandanus"

285

50

puna>

pigeon


55

reribu "rattan"


58

buluh

hornbill


61

dark-red casque


62

kenyalan

rhinoceros hornbill


70

cover nesting-holes

287

72

kuan kebat

["bones struck together"]


77

tying bones of the dead

287

79

tiup api

plaintive cuckoo

289

84

fire blazer

289

90

dundun

coucal


92

beater of loom

289

94

sebalankin

[red-brown]

291

100

bell


102

bubut

common coucal




p. 114 maiden Lemaie> "Evening" goddess of otherworld {cf. [Sumerian] Eres^-ki-gal}

Nambi> Semenat Pagi ("Take Soul Morning") compared with

Beserara> Buna ("Severing Flower")

itinerary of gensilan/gemitan (soul) through Sebayan (otherworld)-regions where spirits of the discarded (implements) & of the slaughtered (animals) perdure [-- l. 4 "the otherworld is tasteless": cf. Sumerian]

page

line

name

line

become (thing perdurant)

page

line

name

line

become (thing perdurant)

409

12

leafless ironwood


= ironwood coffin

391

485

dead enc^pun tree









487

putat trees

488

scissors






389

470

Fallen Sword lake

471

spawning fish







472

Pool Muddy valley




14

Fallen Spear valley


hunters who have died in hunting-accidents


477

Spear Throw valley



411

16

Slackwater Armshell river

18

wild swine




478

stinging flies


19

Fallen Knife valley

24

banana




479

Banana Plant

413

26

forge

29

chicken







31

looping snare

32

barking-deer




481

Barking-deer ridge


35

[level plain]

37

sambur-deer






415

43

tembawai

44

= "former longhouse site" where we were born

393

503

TaMBIt Selabit (strap backpack)








395

520

rian (durian) tree




46

lansat tree


bearing fruit only on single branch {cf. Fijian route of souls}


522

lansat tree









524

sibau (rambutan) tree









525

temedak (jackfruit) tree & pinan tree









526

enkaban (illipe) nut tree & tegelam tree









527

sikup fruit




49

riverside

47

bathe

397



530

bathe


51

bottle


= container of charms that lengthen life


535

bottle

536

= container of charms that lengthen life




58

arrival




543

arrival

417

77

bees

80

lansi> & bekut fish

401

568

bees

570

lansi> & bekut fish

419

84

wasps

87

lansi> & juak fish


576

wasps

577

lansi> & enseluai fish

421

101

c^anai stone


inside kebuk jar







104

holes in sky


wherethrough issue thunders






423

107

shuttered holes in sky

108

to hinder lightning-flashes

393

509-510

mambun leaves shuttered holes in sky

514-515

to hinder lightning-flashes


115

Mt. Rabun


nampuk "alighting-place/vigil"






Beban Pelanka ("to-Fashion Sieve") of the Gawai Betawai

page

line

__-wood

line

becometh __[-wood]

451

4

menua>

6

puran


7

kepapa>

9

leban


10

tekalun

12

pakan "warp-strips"

451, 453

14

temesu>

17

taju> ("bait") tree-burials

453



22

kedan penyanga "life-saving"


25

midun perawan

26

pelanka (suspended)


29

kemarik (croton)

32

tasik ledun "sea-flood"

carry patient on pelanka (palanquin) to the meligai (on top of the roof), for the Gawai Betawai

page

line


door-part


was made by

471

134


base


Beruan Lanit


135


top


Apai Sabit Bekait


141


plank


Kelin Aji & Rengan

471, 473

142-144


moon-carving


Enkarun Ridan & Bundan







page: line

cloth

page: line

design



473: 161

pua> kumbu>

475: 162

entudu> pisan "caterpillar banana"



475: 173

bali menyeti

:174

gelagi (border)









page: line

offering of __

page: line

by __ manan (shamans)

line

to __ (deity: )

477: 177

rendai (puffed rice)

:178

Matai

:181

mother of the entawai ("bat") pita

:182

yellow rice

:182

Linsin

:188

nadin ("leopard-cat")

477: 189

ja> rice

:190

Mepa

478: 193

sawa> ("python")

Bewas-was of the Gawai Betawai

page

line

country

line

part held

meaning

485

233

Sulu

234

tunjuk

fingers


235

Bugis

236

betis

shanks


237

Tambi (India)

238

jari

hands







page

line

manan

line

pelanka part

meaning

487

244

Langun

241

pelanka

sieve


245

Gendai

245

gelagi

cord


249

C^elun

248

dipelayar

cloth sail


255

Tebaran

253

papan

planks

Betanam Ayu Tawai ("to-plant image tree") of the Gawai Betawai

page

line

tree-part


image

491

266

base


benda pelawan (jar)


267

sprout


brass ring of bowgun


268

root


wire


269

buttress roots


bulan (gong)


270

flowers


pelaga kelam (beads)







line

by manan

line

it is __: with a __


271

Lansu>

272

covered: pua> belantan


274

[maiden]

275

bordered: gelagi


276

Jaban


planted


277

C^elun


lifted


278

Usam


carried






page

line

manan

line

laughing spirit

493

288

Guyak

287

tic^ak ("house-lizard")


296

Matai

294

empelawa> ("spider")

499, 497

319

Mepa

309

Kedendin = daun rian ("leaf durian")






page

line

manan

line

fish heeding his music

499

328

Begura

327

[503: 343 Jeliu Betutu =] enseriban padi

505

361

Jaban

359

banta yian


373

Jarah

371

semah

Nambi> Manan Bukit ("Bring Shaman Bukit") of the Gawai Betawai

page

line

shaman

line

place-name

meaning

line

destination etc.

509

385

Jarah

386

Jambul Gajah

Forelock Elephant

388

hilltop valley


389

Menani

390

Unjam Lidi

Stick-in Laze-rod

392

sea


393

Usam

394

tasik

sea

395

ebbing tide


396

Gelanyan

397

Pulau Sempadi

(hill)

401

dew-charms

511

402

C^elun

403

Santubon

(hill)

405

hollow in tapan tree


407

Jaban

408

Saban

(hill)

412

waxing moon


413

Kanc^u

414

Batu

(hill)

415

idu-creeper charms

511, 513

417

Guyas

418

Tampak Panas

Shining Hot hill

419

wings of flying eagles

513

420

Biduk

421

Ruruk

(hill)

423

sky


424

Gendai

425

tebin

river-bank

432

bathing-place

515

441

Empun

443

saban

cordyline-palm

446

tapan-wood blowgun


450

+Tali Liun






itinerary of Menjaya -- countries traversed on the way toward sky-door in Gawai Betawai

page

country of __

meaning

543

empelawa>

spider

545

lake of fish


547

hanging bridge of munsan

civet-cat

549

jeranau garden

sweet-flag

551

sega> garden of +Lemetak

cane-plant of +Leech

553

tembawai of kesa>

ruin-longhouse of weaver-emmet

555

batu ikan of Jegara

stone fish {cf. [Maori] greenstone fish of Nahue}

557

kaki kerusi of Petara

foot chairs

559

buluh ayu of Bidu

bamboo branching

561

batu kupak & melaban umban of Merinai

stone peel & tree-bark

563

letun ditubai -- +Benai of 9 husbands

pond poisoned -- parted by death

565

sunai lupa> of Sada>

river forgetfulness

567

Dit of Ilak-Ilu

(hill) of (boulder)

569: 339

wak empeliau

large-gibbon (black)

569: 344

serenun

whistle

571

Rec^up who suporteth sky

{cf. Atlas}

573

bukit anat & c^elap

hill hot & cold

575

leaning tegelam tree

{cf. [Chinese] fu-san tree}

577

kara> tree of Linsin

fig-tree of the yellow-bodied

579

home of divorce'e old +Kamba>

balded-headed, with coiled hair (wig?)

581

Unkuk

cord-twiner at full-moon

583

endu> Iyak Puc^un Minyak, who weepeth when box is opened

maiden Oil-Vial {cf. +Pandora}

585: 439, 444

tekam tree studded with pirak tekan & gumbala

silver nuggets & gems {cf. Sukha-vati; Aladdin's gem-trees}

585: 447, 449

batu timah of goddess at angun

whetstone at boulder

591: 482

batan galau shaketh

log of tree

591:484

paya> quivereth

swampland


591: 487

palan bandam grunting

lair of wild-swine

591: 490

beruan growleth

a bear

591: 491

hole of nanin

wasps

entry into sky-door by Menjaya in Gawai Betawai

page

line

sky

line

nature of sky

593

499

yellow sky

500

shell of kapir "freshwater-turtle"

595

508

door of white

510

c^agak "swivel-mount (pivot)"

597

525

maiden of backward steps

526

muput "blowing" goddess


529

maiden of swinging-gait

531

betenun burun "foretell omens"


533

maiden looking upwards

536

bunkun encircleth "tree-knot"

599

538

push sky-door


tarin utin "tusk of small-pig"


539

yellow door

540

lunc^in "bell"



[door]

542

dipulu> engau tubai "anoint with poison"


548

for Nyara>

547

open Pindu Lanit "door of sky"

countries in sky-world visited sequentially by Menjaya et al. in Gawai Betawai

page

line

country

line

owner of country

601

551

thorn-trees that sing

560

Indan Jagan the flower-drier

603

564

parasitic trees

568

Tunguk "Frogmouth"

605

572

peephole

581

rayuk bulan "halo of full-moon"

607

584

yelping creeper

592

door-janitrix +Dara Kaul Kawa

609


drought-causer

598

Kuan Kapun "Indian cuckoo"

609, 611

605

benan tree

611

Diu> "maina bird" babbling

611, 613

614

rambutan tree

624

Renuk

613

627

kara> tree

633

+Benai of tutun ("drum")

615

640

menuan tree

643

manan C^elun


648

mumban-forest

647

manan Raun "Frog"

617

651

leaning emperawan

660

Gembau Ensirau Ari

619

669

epiphytic fern rajan

671

enkerabak "Giant-squirrel"

621

676

rigai bamboo

680

Ajuk = pelanduk "mouse-deer"

623

688

danan "canebreak"

690

Kijan "Barking-deer"


694

thin-as-blades stone (mica?)

696

Pagun = porcupine {should be pangolin-scales!}

625

705

embawan jatu> (sour fruit) trees

711

chair (throne) of sultan

627

716

twisting creepers

719

Maga = uman tortoise

629

731

stone peephole

733

Lelabi "river-Turtle"

631

740

pond of spawning

741

bekaka "kingfisher" & banau "stork"

Bepulai Semenat ("Return Souls") of the Gawai Betawai

the Bunsu Ikan ("spirit fish") return

page

line

fish

line

returneth to __

657

3

tenas

5

whirlpool


6

juak

7

cataract


9

banta iyan

10

deep pool


12

runtu>

13

submerged roots






page

line

manan

line

returneth to __

659

17

C^elun

18

Santubon hill


21

Menani

22

Sempadi hill

departure-offerings to shamans as viaticum for their return-trip

page

line

manan

line

homeland

line

provisions

661

24

Gendai

27

sunhat-sky

29

popped rice


31

C^elun

35

stars-fenced sky

38

frittered bananas

661, 663

38

Lansu>

42

awning-sky

44

chicken's eggs

663

46

Rec^ap

49

hearth-frame sky

51

glutinous rice

Mulai ka Semenat Sida> Iya Empu (restore the souls of their-own selves)

page 667,

line

manan

line

place

73

Usam

74

pelawan menaga> jar

75

Jelapi>

76

highest pool

77

Empun

78

summit of Mt. Rabun

"suspend a ritual barrier"

page

function

line

helper

669


82




fringed cloth

84

entawai "bat"


lift

90

lelabi "turtle"


arrange

91

baya "crocodile"


barrier

92

kendawan "coral snake"




tedun "cobra"

670

drag wire

93

landak "porcupine"


bottle

100

ketupun "piculet"


(p. 673) incubi

107

nyumbuh "macaque"

parts of longhouse barred by warriors with cloths & weapons

page

line

longhouse-part

warrior

line

ampan (cloth)

line

weapon

675

126

courtyard

Usam

127

berinjan

128

barbed spears


129

entry-ladder

Nyara>

130

berinjan

131

bamboo spikes


132

gallery

Matai

133

belulai

134

forked spear


135

entrance

Lansu>

136

bekumbu>

137

bent knife {Yemen}


138

wall-opening

Linsin

139

kumbu> ilin



677

141

loft-entrance

Duau

142

bali berandau

143

isau (sword)


144

loft floor-hole

Iduk

145

berasuk

146

tiruk (lance)


147

doorway

Bidu

148

pua> enkudu>

150

lunju (spear)


151

apartment

Matai

152

belulai

153

gansai (spear)


154

mosquito-curtain

Empun

155

belumpun

155

[cannon]

679

156

drying-shelf

Nyara>

158

pua> mata>

159

lunga> (knife)


161

skylight in roof

Rec^ap

162

pua> kebat

163

malat short-sword

681

172

path thereto

Guyak





THE BORNEO CLASSICS SERIES, Vol. 5. Clifford Sather: Seeds of Play, Words of Power. Tun Jugah Foundation, 2001.