Yoruba-Korean parallels





The acknowledged father of S^ango`, Aggayu` Sola`, "represents the globe." (A-CR, p. 65)

Theseus was begotten at the tomb of (GM 95.d) Sphairos ("Globe").

The parents of C^u-mon were contained "in a leather sack" (KM, p. 18).

Aggayu` Sola` "has the gift of strength" (A-CR, pp. 65-66).

Aigeus is an alternative name for Briareus, the strongest of the gods.


"Pillars of Briareus ... ancient" (GM 132.h).

C^u-mon "built his house with its pillars made of antiquated wood" (KM, p. 27).

Lukumi` "friendship"

Pittheus ..., "on friendship, is often quoted" (GM 95.c).


Aithra (daughter of Pittheus) the mother of Theseus led him to find the tokens which his father Aigeus had hidden for him under a stone; these tokens included a sword (GM 95.h).

The mother (daughter of Ye) of Yuri told him to find the token which his father C^u-mon had hidden for him (KM, p. 29); this he did: the token, found under a 7-cornered stone (cf. stone having 7 facets in Bible), was part of a sword (KM, p. 30).


[cf. queen OmPHALe in Anatolia ? or else the country <O^BAL ?] Aithra was taken prisoner to Anatolia (GM 104.e).

Yu-hwa the [long-lipped, at lake UBALsu, p. 18] mother of C^u-mon was taken prisoner by king Ku^mwa (KM, p. 19).

S^ango` had "ten thousand horses and" (A-CR, p. 48) "breathes flame from his mouth" (ibid., p. 49).


The red horse of C^u-mon was fed on "pickling brine" (KM, p. 21). [spicy = flame-breath]

Offerings to S^ango` include tortoise (CRC, p. 43).

Theseus fed a human to "a giant turtle" (GM 96.f).

Terrapins drowned soldiers for C^u-mon (KM, p. 22).

Worshippers of S^ango` "rise from their seats making a drinking gesture" (CRC, p. 42).

Theseus was rescued when about to drink poison (GM 97.d).


A-CR = Miguel Barnet (tr. by Christine Renata Ayorinde): Afro-Cuban Religions. Markus Wiener Publishers, Princeton, 2001.

CRC = Margarite Ferna`ndez Olmos & Lizabeth Paravisini-Gebert: Creole Religions of the Caribbean. NY U Pr, 2003.

GM = Robert Graves: The Greek Myths. 1955.

KM = Pae-Gang Hwang: Korean Myths and Folk Legends. Jain Publ. Co., Fremont, 2006.



Kic^e (PV)


" twins, natives of Ishokun,
Descendants of treetop monkeys.
Twins saw the houses of the rich but did not go there,
Twins saw the houses of great personages but did not go there
Instead they entered the houses of the poor.
They made the poor rich, they clothed those who were naked. "

Hun C^uen & Hun Batz = the twin monkey-gods who originated loincloths -- They were changed into monkeys by:


"All grains belong to" BaBALu` Aye` (A-CR, p. 60).; and

the twins Hun Hun-ahpu & X-BALamke, who used emmets to cull flowers

for 1 of 2 boys, emmets culled grain (KM, p.170); and

"Babalu` Aye`'s messengers are mosquitoes" (loc. cit.).


to the same boy (Moktoryo^n), a mosquito revealed (KM, p. 171) a choice of chambers (similar to that discussed by Raymond Smullyan)

YC&B = http://www.randafricanart.com/Yoruba_Customs_and_Beliefs_Pertaining_to_Twins.html

PV = Popol Vuh