Varaha Puran.a

6 sarga-s (2:36-40)

#

sarga

meaning

1

mahat

greatness

2

tan-matra-s

[elements]

3

vikara-s = indriyaka

= senses

4

mukhya

[immovable beings]

5

tiryag-srotas

animals

6

urdhva-srotas

upward [deities]

7

arvac-srotas

[mankind]

8

anu-graha

favor

9

kaumara

child

yuga-s

#

yuga

color of Gada-dhara (7:35)

deities in yuga-s (10:15-16)

1

Kr.ta

white

Nara-ayan.a

2

Treta

red

Rudra

3

Dvapara

blue

Yajn~a-murti

4

Kali

black

"many forms" (Bahu-rupa)

loka-s (9:17-20)

#

loka

inhabitants of loka

1

Bhu

humans

2

Bhuvar [:9 world like the sun]

aerial beings

3

Svar [:10 lotus on Na-vr.ka]

caelestial beings

4

Mahar [:12 from eye, :13 fire on right, frost on left]

Kumara-s (Sanaka, etc.)

5

Jana [:6 thread with atman threaded like jewels on it]

Vairaja-s

6

Tapas [:14 life in our heart]

Tapasvin-s ("gods" performing austerities)

7

Satya [:15-16 "great water"; varn.a-s]

"gods" free from re-birth

15s in combat duels (11:97-100)

#

soldiers from jewel (11:83-84)

demons (11:93-95)

8 ministers of Mahis.a (93:3-4)

1

Su-prabha

Pra-ghasa

1. Pra-ghasa

2

Dipra-tejas

Vi-ghasa

2. Vi-ghasa

3

Su-ras`mi

San-ghasa

3. S`anku-karn.a

4

S`ubha-dars`ana

As`ani-[sa]prabha

4. Vibha-vasu

5

Su-kam-ti

Vidyut-prabha

5. Vidyut-malin

6

Sundara

Su-ghos.a

 

7

Sunda

Unmatta-aks.a

 

8

Su-dyumna

Agni-datta

 

9

Su-manas

Agni-dams.t.ra

 

(10a?)

Su-veda

Agni-tejas

 

(11b?)

Su-nala

Bahu &

 

10

S`ubhra

S`akra

 

11

Su-s`ila

 

6. Su-mati

12

Sukha-da

 

7. Parjanya

13

S`ambhu

 

8. Krura

14

Sudam-ta

Pratardana

 
   

Vi-radha

 

15

Soma

Bhima-karman

 
   

Vipra-citti

 

10 avatara-s (15:9-18) {Buddha is implicitly excluded}

#

avatara

meaning

1

Nara-ayan.a

waters-travel

2

Matsya

fish

3

Kurma

tortoise

4

Varaha

pig

5

Nr.-simha

human lion

6

Vamana

midget

7

Paras`u-rama

axe

8

4-fold: Rama, Laks.mana, Bharata, S`atru-ghna

 

9

Vasu-deva

goods-god

10

Kalki

pasty

faculties departing from within body of Hiran.ya-garbha (17:53-54), while Purus.a = 16-digit Soma (moon) remained (17:55-56)

#

17:

faculty

= deity

origins of deities are recounted in

1

:28-29

fire (warmth?)

Agni

18:

2 & 3

:31

pran.a & apana

the 2 As`vinau

20:

4

:33

speech

+Gauri

21:

5

:34

space

Gan.a-pati

23:

6

:37

dhatu-s

{should be Vajra-dhatu of Vajra-yana}

24: (serpents)

7

:39

ahankara

Skanda

25:

8

:41

"sun" (at solar plexus?)

Aditya

26:

9

:43

"passions"

the +Matr.-s

27:

10

:44

illusion

+Maya

28:

11

:45

quarters

Dis`-es

29:

12

:46-47

breath

Ku-vera

30:

13

:48

mind

Vis.n.u

31:

14

:49

protector (Dharma)

Yama

32:

15

:50-51

Mahat "the subtle cause of beings"

Maha-deva = S`ambhu

33:

       

34: (pitr.-s)

16-digit

:55-56

Purus.a [= Sarva-j~na, :57]

Soma (moon)

35:

r.s.i-s as officiants at sacrifice by Daks.a (21:15-17)

r.s.i

officiated as

Marici

Brahman

Atri

"supervisor"

Angiras

Agnidhra

Pulastya

Hotr.

Pulaha

Udgatr.

Kratu

Prastotr.

Pracetas

Pratihartr.

Vasis.t.ha

Subrahman.ya

+Matr.-gan.a ("mother-group") = 8 goddesses (27:35-37)

#

emotion

matr.

1

love

+Yoga-is`vari

2

anger

+Maha-is`vari

3

greed

+Vais.n.avi

4

pride

+Brahman.i

5

stupefaction

+Kaumari

6

rivalry

+Indra-raja

7

malignity

+Yama-dan.d.a-dhara

8

tolerance

+Varahi

deities successively vanquished by Vetra-asura (king of Prag-jyotis.a), son of Sindhu-dvipa & of +Vetra-vati {N.B.: king being named after his mother is Bodish & Hawai'ian}

deity (28:16-19)

Indra, who was vanquished & went to

Agni, who was vanquished & went to

Yama, who was vanquished & went to

Nis-r.ti, who went to

Varun.a, who went to

Vayu, who went to

Ku-vera, who went to

S`iva, who went to

Brahma

Man.i-ja ("gem-born") kings in Treta Yuga (36:2-7)

king __ in Kr.ta Yuga

is re-born as king __ inTreta yuga

Su-prabha

Praja-pala

Dipta-tejas

S`anta

Su-ras`mi

S`as`a-karn.a

S`ubha-dars`ana

Pan~cala

Su-kanti

Su-s`anti

Sundara

 

Sunda

Mucu-kunda

Su-dyumna = Pra-dyumna

Turu

Su-manas

Soma-datta

S`ubha

Samvaran.a

Su-s`ila

Vasu-dana

Sukha-da

As`u-pati

S`ambhu

Sena-pati

Kanta = Sudanta

Das`a-ratha

Soma

Janaka

vrata-s (vows) for the months

chapter of VaP

vrata

month, on tithi-s 10th-to-12th

39:

Matsya

Marg-s`irs.a (Dhanus)

40:

Kurma

Paus.a (Makara)

41:

Varaha

Magha (Kumbha)

42:

Nara-simha

Phalguna

43:

Vamana

Caitra (Mes.a)

44:

Paras`u-rama

Vais`akha (Vr.s.bha)

45:

Rama

Jyes.t.ha (Mithuna)

46:

Kr.s.n.a

Asad.ha

47:

Buddha

S`ravan.a (Simha)

48:

Kalki

Bhadra-pada (Kanya)

49:

Padma-nabha

As`va-yuja (Tula)

50:

+Dharan.i

Karttika

purposes of worship (48:20-22)

one may worship

for

Nara-simha

ridding oneself of sins

Vamana

removing all stupefaction

Paras`u-rama

wealth

Rama

annihilation of enemies

Bala-rama & Kr.s.n.a

begetting sons

Buddha

physical charm

Kalki

victory

faculties of king Pas`u-pala

52:

relation

name

meaning

:1

"a tri-coloured son"

Aham

ego

:2

son's daughter

Ava-bodha

consciousness

:2

her daughter

Vijn~ana

knowledge

:3-4

five sons = Dasyu-s (aborigines)

5, including Aks.a

eye, etc. [sense-organs]

:5

city of 9 outlets; 1 pillar; 4 pathways; etc.

 

human body

:6

Pas`u-pala himself

Purus.a

person

       

:9

4-faced, 4-handed, 4-footed son of Supreme lord

 

the 4 Veda-s

53: 5

son of the 4-faced, 4-handed, 4-footed

Svara, who was churned

"musical note"

:15

head of Svara, became coconut-kernel

Vivr.tti (:24)

inaction

:16

trunk of Svara, became sesame

Pravr.tti (:24)

action

8 Vasu-s were attacked by 8 Raks.asa-s (94:5)

#

raks.asa

1

An~jana

2

Nila-kuks.i

3

Megha-varn.a

4

Vala-ahaka

5

Uda-raks.a

6

Lalat.a-aks.a

7

Su-bhima

8

Svar-bhanu

12 Aditya-s were attacked by 12 Raks.asa-s (94:6-9)

#

raks.asa

1

Bhima

2

Dhvanks.a

3

Dhvasta-kr.s.n.a

4

S`anku-karn.a

5

Vajraka

6

Jyoti-virya

7

Vidyut-malin

8

Rakta-aks.a

9

Vidyut-jihva

10

Ati-kaya

11

Maha-kaya

12

Dirgha-bahu

11 Rudra-s were attacked by 11 Raks.asa-s (94:10-12)

#

raks.asa

1

Kala

2

Kr.ta-anta

3

Rakta-aks.a

4

Haran.a

5

Mitra-han

6

Nala

7

Yajn~a-han

8

Brahma-han

9

Go-ghna

10

Stri-ghna

11

Samvartaka

in petals of padma ("red water-lily")

direction

vyuha (99:30)

weapon (99:31-32)

NE

 

mace (musala)

E

Bala-bhadra

 

SE

 

discus

S

Pradyumna

 

SW

 

(?) waterlily

W

Aniruddha

 

NW

 

(?) club

N

Vasu-deva

 

colors of "brown cow" (111:15-17)

#

color

1

golden brown

2

yellowish brown

3

rosy red

4

gurlike brown

5

variegated

6

whitish yellow

7

whitish brown

8

blackish brown

9

reddish brown

10

tawny in tail

11

white in hoof

18 Puran.a-s (112:74-77)

#

Puran.a

1

Brahman

2

Padma

3

Vais.n.ava

4

S`aiva

5

Bhaga-vata

6

Naradiya

7

Mar-kan.d.eya

8

Agneya

9

Bhavis.ya

10

Brahma-vaivarta

11

Lainga

12

Varaha

13

Skanda

14

Vamana

15

Kaurma

16

Matsya

17

Garud.a

18

Brahma-an.d.a

caste-duties

115:

caste

duty

:23

Brahman.a

"living on alms"

:27

Ks.atriya

"munificent in gifts"

:33

Vais`ya

"honouring his guru"

:38

S`udra

"Fond of prostrating"

32 offences when woshipping (117:5-36)

#

offence

1

taking another's food

2

sexual contact

3

seeing a woman in her menses

4

touching a corpse

5

seeing a corpse

6

answering calls of nature

7

wearing blue cloth

8

talk

9

not purifying oneself

10

angry mind

11

consider prohibited objects as meritorious

12

wearing cloth reddened by saffron

13

toucheth me in darkness

14

wearing black cloth

15

wearing unwashed cloth

16

eat, even unknowingly

17

eating fish & meat

18

eating goose (& other waterbirds)

19

touching my dipaka ("lamp-bearer")

20

going to cremation-ground

21

eating oil-cake

22

eating pork

23

drinking liquor

24

eating vegetables with saffron

25

putting on the garment of another

26

eat without offering it first to gods or manes

27

bathing with footwear on

28

tormenting the body

29

undigested food

30

offer incense without offering sandalwood-paste & flowers

31

open door (of my temple) without sounding the drums

32

"the most serious" ["eructations", in 136:112]

recommended foods

119:

kinds of foods

specifically

:5

fruits

madhuka, udumbara

:8-9

vegetables

cillika, rakta-s`ali, s`ali, s`iva-sundari, s`irika, kula-s`alika

:10-11

grains

gram, sesamum, panic-seed, gavedhu, makus.t.a, vahika, s`yamaka

:12

mammal-meat

deer, goat, hare

:17-18

bird-meat

lavaka, vartika, kapin~jala

by bathing

126:

at -- tirtha

one enjoyeth for --- years

the world of

:31-32

Manasa

1,000

Ap-saras-es, at Nandana

:35-37

Maya

10,000

Ku-vera

:39-40

Sarva

15,000

"heaven"

:42-44

Purn.a-sukha (a thermal spring)

15,000

Soma

:48-49

{A-mara}

10,000

"heaven"

:89-91

{Varun.a}

8,000

Varun.a

water of Sapta-samudraka successively becometh in color (126:100-101)

milky

yellow

red

emerald-colored

color of pearl

touching a woman in her monthly course out of lust, a man (132:20-21)

remains [in hell] drinking menstrual blood for 1,000 years; thereupon,

is born blind, penniless and stupid and never realizeth that he is in hell

after touching a corpse, he remaineth (132:28-31)

for --- years

as a ---; thereupon,

10,000

Can.d.ala

7,000

blind man

100

frog

3

bee

11

beetle

7

snake

7

chameleon

100

elephant

32

camel

9

cat {cf. "9 lives"}

15

monkey

a devotee with an angry mind becometh (134:35-38)

for --- years

as a ---; thereupon,

100

cricket

100

eagle

300

frog

10

daemon

6

eunuch "drinking semen"

7

blind man

32

kite

10

cakravaka-bird

{?}

"a moss-eater"

{?}

"a bird in the sky"

wearing a black garment, he remaineth (135:16-18)

for --- years

as a ---; thereupon,

5

a worm [weevil-larva] in parched grain

5

ichneumon

10

tortoise

14

pigeon

wearing unwashed cloth, he becometh (135:25-26) for one lifetime each

for -- life

a --; thereupon,

1st

elephant

2nd

camel

3rd

wolf

4th

jackal

5th

horse

6th

antelope

7th

"ordinary deer"

food touched by a hound, he becometh (135:35) for 7 lifetimes each

hound

jackal

owl

upon eating pork, he becometh (135:42-44)

for --- years

as a ---; thereupon,

10

pig

14

hunter

14

rat

19

daemon

8

porcupine

30

tiger

upon eating goose-flesh, he becometh (135:53-54)

for --- years

as a ---; thereupon,

15

goose

10

shark

5

pig

upon eating oil-cake, he becometh (136:56)

for --- years

as a ---; thereupon,

2

owl

3

tortoise

eating vegetables cooked with safflower, he becometh (136:75-76)

for --- years

as a ---; thereupon,

15

boar in hell

3

hound

1

jackal

wearing sandal, he becometh (136:103-105)

for --- years

as a ---; thereupon,

13

cobbler {cf. Welsh myth}

{?}

boar

{?}

hound

eructations, he becometh (136:113-114) for one lifetime each

hound

monkey

goat

jackal

blind man

rat

how to go to divine abodes

139:

by means of

one goeth to

for -- years

:2-8

smearing steps with cowdung

Kus`a dvipa

12,000

:9-12

collecting cowdung

S`almala dvipa

12,100

:14-16

bathing idol

Kraun~ca dvipa

"as many thousands of years as there are in the water offered."

:18-21

sweeping temple

S`aka dvipa

"as many hundreds of years as there are particles of dust expelled by his sweeping."

:22-27

singing

Nandana

"as many thousands of years as there are syllables in the song."

:106-108

S`ampa tala / Sannipata

abode [Uttara-kuru] of Ku-vera

9,900

:109-111

dancing

Pus.kara dvipa

33,000

:112-113

instrumental & vocal music

Jambu dvipa

 

how to go to divine abodes by bathing

140:

at -- tirtha

where -- torrents fall

-- days' fasting

where one is reborn

:21-22

Koka-mukha

 

1/2 (one night)

Kraun~ca dvipa

:26-27

Soma

 

5

Go-meda dvipa

:29-30

Tunga-kut.a

4

5

Kus`a dvipa

:31-32

A-nitya as`rama

 

1

Pus.kara dvipa

:34-34

Agni-saras

5

5

Kus`a dvipa

:37-38

Brahma-saras

1

5

Surya loka

:40-42

Dhenu-vat.a

1

7

all 7 continents

:53-54

Kaus`iki

 

5

Indra loka

:59-60

Matanga

 

1

Kimpurus.a

:62-64

Vajra-bhava

 

1

"gets a body ... holding the weapon Vajra"

:66-67

S`akra-rudra

 

3

Jambu dvipa

:69-71

Dams.t.ra-ankura

 

1

S`almali dvipa

:73-75

Vis.n.u

3

 

"remaining in airy form" to Vayu loka

:77-78

Sarva-kamika

 

1

"will be born ... with the memory of the past"

:81-84

Matsya-s`ila

3

 

Padma-patra to the north of Meru

Dvaraka

149:

at -- tirtha

where -- torrents fall

foregoing -- meals

delighteth in world of --

:38-39

Pan~ca-pin.d.a

 

5

Indra

:43-44

Sagamana

4

4

Vaikhanasas

:47-48

Hamsa-kun.d.a

1

6

Varun.a

:53-54

Kadamba

 

4

r.s.i-s

:59-60

Cakra

5

5

"Svarga"

:67-70

Raivataka

 

6

Soma

:77

   

8

the Ap-saras-es, at Nandana

:83-85

Vis.n.u-sankraman.a

1

 

the sun

Loha-argala

151:

at -- tirtha

where -- torrents fall

foregoing -- meals

delighteth in world of --

:36-37

Pan~ca-saras

4

4

Citra-angada of the Gandharva-s

:39-40

Narada-kun.d.a

5

1

Narada

:42-43

Vasis.t.ha-kun.d.a

3

5

Vasis.t.ha

:45-46

Pan~ca-kun.d.a

5

5

Pan~ca-s`ikha

:48-49

Sapta-rs.i-kun.d.a

7

7

daughters of the r.s.i-s

:51-52

S`arabhanga-kun.d.a

1

6

daughters of the r.s.i-s

:54-55

Agni-saras

 

8

Agni[-saras]

:57

Br.has-pati

1

6

Br.has-pati

:60-61

Vais`va-nara

1

6

Vais`va-nara

:63-64

Karttikeya

15

6

Karttikeya

:66-68

Uma

10

10

Uma

:69-71

Maha-is`vara-kun.d.a

3

12

Rudra

judges of souls of the dead (197:17-18)

Manu

Praja-pati

Paras`arya (Vyasa)

Atri

Auddalaki

Apa-stambha

Br.has-pati

S`ukra

Gautama

S`ankha

Likhita

Angiras

Bhr.gu

Pulastya

Pulaha

hells (200:) -- for (200:62) 66,000 years

name, location

description

what is done there

:17 Kumbhi-paka

pit of dung

:18 biting lips

 

:19 forest of swords

:20 dismembered

 

:19 red lead, strewn with red-hot sand

:21 black & spotted hounds bite; so do serpents & scorpions

 

:22 S`almali-tree

its thorns tear body

:27 river Karambha-valuka

is like blazing fire, 100 yojana-s long

:26 is to be crossed

:28 river Vaitaran.i

bitter water, 50 yojana-s long, 5 deep; :29 full of skin, flesh, and bones

:29 in it are big scorpions; :30 owls poisonous with sharp tongues

 

:31 empty abodes

:32 are devoured by rats, leaving but the skeleton; :33 "But in the morning the body gets flesh agains as soon as the wind wafts over it."

 

:34 mango-grove

birds feed on man, eating eyen & ears

:36 fire-place Yama-culli, :37 with smoke

:35 On the south, at a distance of 3 yojana-s, banyan-tree which gloweth [pink] like evening cloud

:38 thrown ito it by Raks.asa-s, the dead remain in this fire-place for a month

:39 river S`akunika

full of fat & marrow

:40 seven kinds of torment, :41 to be undergone in their sequence

:42 ten S`ula-s

 

:43 are held on tridents by Raks.asa-s, and so baked over embers -- :42 a day & a night

:42 thirteen Kumbhi-paka-s

:45 pit of dried cowdung

:44 are held head-downwards over choking smoke, and then fried, :45 and then held over burning marrow -- 10 days in each

:46 river "Yama"

at a distance of 3 yojana-s; it it floweth molten lead

:47 "completely unconscious, they get rest here for a while."

:48 +[Yami] sister of Yama

pond

:49 get food & drink -- for 3 days

:50 mountain S`ula-graha

extending 100 yojana-s, it is constituted of a single rock

:51 hot rainfall -- is traversed in a day

:52 S`r.ngat.aka

forest

biting black flies, whose transformeth one into a worm {cf. Irish myth}; showers of flesh & blood

 

:54 seeing one's relatives

:55 is bound; :56 receiving blows with whips & bitings by snakes

     
   

:60 one becometh "a stationary being." [Jaina!]

who hath killed pigs: becometh (202:66)

pig

buffalo

chicken

hare

jackal

whose servants, after being made to toil, are not fed [are defrauded of wages]: becometh (202:76-79]

robber

serpent

pig

goat

elephant

horse

jackal

crane

5 lives: born dead

5 lives: die in childhood

deities in parts of body of cow (206:29-32)

part of body

deity

paralleled in PP 1:48:157-164

teeth

Marut-s

 

tongue

+Saras-vati

X

middle of hooves

Gandharva-s

 

ends of hooves

serpents

 

eyen

sun & moon

X

back

Ks.atriya-s

 

tail

Dharma

 

execretory organ

tirtha-s

X

urine

river Ganga

X

feet

the 4 oceans

 

roots of hair

R.s.i-s (sages)

 

dung

+Laks.mi

X

hair

knowledge

 

skin

2 Ayatana-s (north & south)

 

ANCIENT INDIAN TRADITION AND MYTHOLOGY, Vols. 31 & 32. The Varaha Puran.a, translated by S. Venkitasubramonia Iyer. Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi, 1985.

PP = Padma Puran.a-m