(Kerala, 7)

Chapter 7. = Is`ana-s`iva-guru-deva Paddhati

[citations are by pada:pat.ala]

__________________________________________________________

p. 123 the 18 Paddhati-kara-s are :-

1.

Ugra-jyoti

2.

Sadyas-jyoti

3.

Rama-kan.t.ha

4.

Vaidya-natha = Vidya-kan.t.ha

5.

Nara-ayan.a[-kan.t.ha]

6.

Vibhuti-kan.t.ha

7.

S`ri-kan.t.ha

8.

Nila-kan.t.ha

9.

Soma-s`ambhu

10.

Is`ana-s`ambhu

11.

Hr.daya-s`ambhu

12.

Virin~ci = Brahma-s`ambhu

13.

Vairagya-s`iva

14.

Jn~ana-s`ambhu

15.

Tri-locana-s`iva

16.

Varun.a-s`iva

17.

IS`ANA-S`IVA

18.

A-ghora-s`ambhu

p. 124 divisions of the Is`ana-guru

-ardha (‘half’)

-pada (‘part’)

pat.ala-s (sections) – total 119

Purva-

Samanya-

1:1-14

Mantra-

1:15-52

Uttara-

Kriya-

2:1-64

Yoga-

2:65-67

(1:4) p. 128 varieties of mantra-s (according to Gautama)

gendre

mantra : concluding with "__"

used for __

masculine

svaha

secrecy

feminine

namas

hypnotizing people

neutre

(neither)

(other purposes)

(1:5) p. 128 the 6 ways of using the mantra along with the name of the sadhya

pallava

yoga

rodha

grathana

samput.aka

vidarbhan.a

(1:8) p. 130 #s of modes of worship in the 3 types

mode

#

uttama

16

madhyama

10

adhama

5

(1:11) p. 131 propitiation of lord of side chosen for sacred construction

"The lord of site is in fact a huge demon who lies in the ground extending his hand and legs and placing his face down. ...

Over his huge limbs lie thirty two deities who are to be pleased."

(1:22) p. 138 goddess Tvarita

"goddess ... Tvarita ... represents ... the ... hunter’s woman.

S`iva appeared as a hunter [Bhilla] before Vijaya (Arjuna) ... The goddess who accompanied her husband also assumed a similar form."

(1:29) p. 143 #s of hands of forms of S`iva

form

hands

Mr.tyun~-jaya

6

Traiyyambaka

8

Daks.in.a-murti

2

(1:32) p. 145 the 8 forms of S`astr. (4-handed son of S`iva)

Goptr.

Pingala-aks.a

Vira-sena

S`ambhava

Tri-netra

S`ula-bhr.d

Daks.a

Bhima-rupa

pp. 145-146 functions of deities

p.

deity

imparting to the worshipper __

145

Can.d.a-is`vara-mantra

prosperity

 

Indra

landed wealth

146

Jambhala

waters

 

Karn.a-yaks.a

riches

 

Yaks.in.i

protection; knowledge of the past, praesent, and future

(1:41) p. 152 daimones which afflict babies (with ailments); each of 12 daimones for 3 consecutive days out of 36

#

daimon

1st

Nanda

2nd

Su-nanda

3rd

Putana

4th

Mukha-man.d.ika

5th

Vi-lala

6th

S`akunika

7th

S`us.ka-angi

8th

Jr.mbhika

9th

An~jika

10th

Revati

11th

S`ila

12th

Paka-daha-jvara

p. 152 another 10 daimones which afflict similarly, each for 1 day of the 1st 10 – succeeded by 12 daimones, each for 1 month of 12 – succeeded in turn by 17, each for 1 year {these lists are also in the Agni Puran.a}

period

#

female daimon

day

1st

Papin.i

2nd

Bhis.an.i

3rd

Jhan.t.ali

4th

Kakoli

5th

Simhika

6th

Phat.-kari

7th

Mukta-kes`i

8th

Dan.d.in.i

9th

Maha-mahis.i

10th

Rodini

month

1st

Putana

2nd

Makut.a

3rd

Go-mukhi

4th

Pingala

5th

Hamsika

6th

Panka-ja

7th

S`itala

8th

Yamuna

9th

Kumbha-karn.i

10th

Tapasi

11th

Raks.asi

12th

Capala

year

1st

Yatana

 

2nd

Rodini [again!]

 

3rd

Cat.aka

 

4th

Can~cala

 

5th

Dhavani

 

6th

Yamuna

 

7th

Jata-vedasi

 

8th

Kalini

 

9th

Kala-hamsi

 

10th

Deva-duti

 

11th

Palita

 

12th

Vayavi

 

13th

Yaks.in.i

 

14th

Mun~jaka-mukhi

 

15th

Vanari

 

16th

Bandha-vati

 

17th

Kumari

(1:51) p. 157 magical illusions

"to see the sun with his chariot"

"to visualize star during day time"

"Effecting invisibility"

(1:52) p. 158 hallucinations as omens of death

omen

is praesage to die in __

"perceives golden castles in the air"

1 year

"Seeing of golden trees, distorted form in mirror etc."

1 month

"The sight of the shadow of a man in the sky"

6 months

(2:1) p. 160 categories of agama-s, denoted by their beginnings

category (with # of agama-s)

sub-category, by beginning (with # of agama-s)

Para = S`iva-jn~ana-bheda (28)

Kamika (10)

Vi-jaya (18)

A-para = Pas`u-jn~ana-bheda (14)

R.c-veda (10)

Mamamsa (4)

p. 160 the 28 tantra-s of S`iva-jn~ana-bheda

#

tantra

1.

Kamika

2.

Yoga-ja

3.

A-cintya

4.

Karan.a

5.

A-jita

6.

Dipta

7.

Suks.ma

8.

Sahasra

9.

Ams`umat-bheda

10.

Su-pra-bheda

11.

Vi-jaya

12.

Nis-s`vasa

13.

Pra-udgita

14.

Parama-is`vara

15.

Agneya

16.

Mukha-bimba

17.

Svayam-bhuva

18.

Raurava

19.

Makut.a

20.

Kiran.a

21.

Lambita

22.

Candra-jn~ana

23.

Vira-bhadra

24.

Siddha

25.

Santanika

26.

S`arva-udgita

27.

Vi-mala

28.

Vatula

(2:2) pp. 162-164 the 6 categories and their sub-categories

p.

category

its sub-categories

162

pas`u

 
 

[Varun.a-]pas`a

mala

 

maya

 

karma

163

pati

 
 

s`akti[-vicara]

of 16 kinds

164

vi-cara

in 26 ways

 

kriya-carya

nitya

 

naimittika

 

kamya

(2:3) pp. 164-165 daily rites

Agha-mars.an.a (hymn, in order to dissolve away saltlike sin)

acamana (sipping water)

Savitri (thrice-daily prayers to the sun)

libations (to the manes of ancestors and to the regents of the 10 directions)

agneya-snana (‘fiery bath’, of ashes applied onto one’s body)

(2:5) p. 166 the 3 kinds of worship & their modes

types

# of its modes

Jyes.t.ha [‘eldest’]

16

madhyama [‘middling’]

10

adhama [‘lowest’]

5

pp. 166-167 upa-cara-s (articles of worship) & their types

p.

upa-cara

its types

166

asana (pedestal whereon idol is seated)

 
 

ava-ahana (invocation of deity in idol, in order to persuade deity to partake of offerings)

sthapana

 

sat-nidha-apana

 

sat-nirodha

 

a-mr.ti-karan.a

 

ava-kun.t.hana

167

arghya

vi-s`es.a

 

samanya

 

padya (sanctified water for caerimonial washing of feet of deity)

 

(2:6) p. 167 the 6 major aspects for rituals

mantra (in 2 aspects : manana & tran.a)

mudra

kun.d.a

man.d.ala

dravya

sadhaka

(2:7) pp. 168-169 mudra-s

p.

for worship of __ (with # of poses)

poses

168

 

padma

 

bimba

 

nis.th.ura

 

go-vr.s.a

 

dhenu

 

trasani

169

S`iva (4)

maha-mudra

 

ava-ahana-mudra = sthapani

 

sat-nidha-apani

 

vandani

 

(other) (3)

kala-karn.i

 

ves.t.ita-linga

 

pan~ca-mukhi

 

(finger-poses) (5)

s`akti

 

s`ula

 

drayva

 

sam-harin.i

 

ks.ama-apani

(2:8) p. 171 varieties of Tantrik diagrams

bhadraka

sarvatas-bhadra

Parvati-kam-ta

lata-linga-sam-ud-bhava

svastika-abja

svastika-bhadra

cakra-ambuja

(2:9) p. 171 sacrificial instruments

sruva (long-handled wooden spoon)

aran.i (kit for kindling fire)

p. 172 purification of materials

material to be purified

the means for purifying it

gold

water

copper

tamarind fruit with water

silver

cowdung

brass

ashes

jewel

sunlight

earthenware

fire

woodenware

(if freshly hewn)

(2:10) p. 173 the 3 types of vessels

vessel

its proportions

its deity

palika (‘pot’)

its mouth 1/3 its girth

Vis.n.u

ghat.ika (‘bucket’)

aequal height, girth, & mouth

Brahma

s`arava (‘platter, tray’)

 

S`iva

(2:11) p. 175 categories of countries for priests

category

countries

uttama

Kuru-ks.etra

Lat.a

Ud-jayini

Pra-tis.t.hana

Avanti

madhyama

Gaus.a

Suhma

Taira

Magadha

Kerala

Kosala

Das`a-arn.a

adhama

Kalinga

Lambaka

Kamboja

Karn.a-at.aka

Maha-ras.t.ra

Kaccha

Nira

"bad"

Kan~ci

Kas`mira

Sau-ras.t.ra

Pan.d.ya

Kaveri

Konkan.a

(2:12) pp. 175-176 the 9 planets

p.

graha

175

Surya (the sun : having 2 consorts –

Pra-bha & Sandhya)

176

Candra (moon)

 

Bhumi-ja (Mars)

 

S`as`i-ja (Mercury)

 

Dhis.an.a (Br.haspati = Jupiter)

 

Bhr.gu-ja (S`ukra = Venus)

 

Manda (Saturn)

 

Rahu (dragon’s head)

 

Ketu (dragon’s tail)

(2:15) p. 178 types of flames kindled for rites

rite

flame

praeliminary (e.g., diks.a)

sattvika

sorcery

tamasa

beneficial

rajasa

(2:16) p. 178 the 2 types of S`iva-diks.a & their varieties

type

its varieties

Sa-bija [‘with seed’]

Samaya-diks.a

Nirvan.a-diks.a

Sadhaka-diks.a, etc.

Nis-bija [‘without seed’]

Caks.usi

Spars`a-diks.a

Vaciki

Manasi

(2:17) p. 179 the 6 ways for the priest

way

its varieties

tattva

36

varn.a

aks.ara-s

mantra

11 (including : Brahma; Hr.daya; Mula)

bhuvana

225 places

pada

81

kala

5 (Ni-vr.tti; Pra-tis.t.ha; Vidya; S`anti; S`anti-atita)

(2:18) p. 179 nirvan.a-diks.a

"Dreams are classificed [sic] as boreboding good or evil effects. They are of seven types ...

So depending on the nature of the dream the preceptor performs further rites".

p. 180 the 6 qualities of S`iva, imparted to the disciple by S`iva-caitanya

sarva-jn~a

pari-tr.pta

an-adi-buddha

sva-tantra

alupta-s`akti

an-anta-s`akti

p. 180 the 8 samayacara-s (conventions) to be adhaered to by devotees

1.

"One should not despise S`iva, S`aivagamas and the followers of that system".

2.

"One should not tread on the shadows of S`iva temples, idols of the God and cows".

3.

"Principles of the S`aiva tenets, S`aivamantras and Tantras should not be caused to be copied or explained by heretics."

4.

"One should take one’s food only after worshipping S`iva once, twice or thrice a day."

5.

"people of lower caste ... should not be permitted to take the religious vow of the system."

6.

"One should ... give food and drinks to guests, beggars, old men and others in poor circumstances."

7.

"On the eighth day in a lunar half month one should not cohabit with ladies

... eating of fish and meat ... are also prohibited on that day."

8.

"On the eighth and fourteenth day of the lunar half month ... Food shall be taken only once in a day."

(2:19) p. 181 maha-abhis.eka (consecration of an acarya, "to the accompaniment of ... beating of drums")

named varieties of :-

16 conches

8 pots

10 jewels

7 seeds

(2:21) p. 183 the 2 kinds of pavitraropan.a (investing of idol)

frequency

"-pavitra"

substance

daily

nitya-

flowers of kus`a-grass

yearly

gandha-

sacred thread

(2:22) p. 184 under as`oka tree

the 2 consorts of Vasanta :-

Padma-vati

Susuma-vati

his 9 s`akti-s :-

A-hladini

Gandha-vati

Surabhi

Malini

Madira

Madayanti

Rama

Pus.pa-vati

Vasanti

{was this the worship by As`oka the Maurya? if so, then Kama/Damana (p. 184) was the original deity of Buddhism.}

(2:25) p. 187 units of area-mensuration, in sakala (= square pada, i.e. "square foot")

unit

sakala-s

pecaka

4

pit.ha

9

maha-pit.ha

16

upa-pit.ha

25

ugra-pit.ha

36

sthan.d.ila

49

man.d.uka

64

para-s`ayika

81

asana

100

(2:26) p. 190 Vastu

The ground itself is the downward-facing (prone) goat-faced Vastu, produced from the sweat of the asura-s’ praeceptor (Bhr.gu’s son).

(2:28) p. 193 aedifices

for whom

kind of aedifice

# of styles

the Holy Trinity

mukhya

20

other deities

jati-itara

32

brahmin-s

jati-vimana

12

ks.atriya-s

"

24

vais`ya-s & s`udra-s

"

8

(2:30) p. 195 #s of storeys in aedifices

for whom

# of storeys

sun & moon

11

maha-raja-s

9

Gandharva-s, Siddha-s, Vidya-dhara-s

8

brahmin-s & kings

7

governors

6

mayors of cities

4

commanders of the army

3

affluent commoners

2

poor commoners

1

p. 196 temples shaped as regular geometric figures

style

nagara

dravid.a

Vesara

shape

square

hexagonal

round

gun.a

sattvika

rajasa

tamasa

region

between Himavant & Vindhya mt.-ranges

far south

between Vindhya & Agastya mt.-ranges

(2:32) p. 197 the 3 kinds of caerimonial arch

arch

for residences of __

makara

gods, brahmin-s, kings

citra

vais`ya-s

patra

s`udra-s

(2:36) p. 200 idols

nis.-kala (shapeless)

sa-kala (endowed with definite form)

mis`ra (having only a partial form)

(2:38) p. 200 regional styles of temples

style

its shape from base to s`ikhara

nagara

prasada square

vesara

circular

dravid.a

polygonal

kalinga

?

sarva-des`ika

?

(2:42) pp. 202-203 statures of idols

 

uttama

madhyama

adhama

tala-s (palms)

     

(p. 202) 10

trinity

3 wives of trinity

Durga; Bhumi; Maha-r.s.i-s

(p. 203) 9

8 directional deities; Vasu

Yaks.a-s; S`iva-gan.a-s

Vidya-dhara-s; Siddha-s; Gandharva-s; Pitr.-s

8

S`res.t.ha

humans

 

5

Gan.a-is`a; Skanda; Vamana

Bhuta-gan.a

children

p. 205 effects of 8 metals used for making idols

metal

effect

sauvarn.a (gold)

peace & salvation

rajata (silver)

prosperity

tamra-ja (silver)

prosperity-lineage

paittala (brass)

education

kamskya (bronze)

health & longevity

ayasa (iron)

malefic rites

saisaka (lead)

depiction of daimones

traipus.a (tin)

?

p. 206 gendres of stones for idols

shape of stone

sound produced when struck

stone’s gendre

dense, smooth, cylindrical

elephant-bell

male

wide-bottomed, narrow-headed

cymbal

female

bulged at the middle

(none)

neutre

p. 206 the 12 trees for wolden idols : 3 appropriate to each caste

trees

caste

candana, devadaru, s`ami

brahman.a

pippala, s`ims`apa, khadira

ks.atriya

asana, malura, madhuka

vais`ya

bakula, padmaka,karn.ikara

s`udra

(2:58-60) pp. 213-214 gods having their animal-vehicle emblazoned on their flag

 

p.

god

animal both as vehicle & on flag

(2:58)

213

S`astr.

horse

(2:60)

214

Ks.etra-pala

hound

(2:64) p. 214 kriya-pada ("Renovation of idols" {was the original purport of the kriya-yana as one of the 9 yana-s of Bon & of rN~in-ma ?})

shrine

name

main

mula-alaya

temporary

bala-alaya

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N. P. Unni : Tantra Literature of Kerala. New Bharatiya Book Corp., Delhi, 2006. pp. 111-216 = Chapter 7