Tairona mythology = Minoan mythology

pp. 121, 172 tribes &

p. 172, n. 7

tribes in the Santa Marta mtn.s :

Kogi (Cogui/Kagaba/Ga`ggaba),

Saha (Sanha/Asario/Malayo),

Ika (Aruako/Ijka),

Kankwe (Kalkuama/Kankwame)

p. 121

clans tana (clans) of the Ika :








tribute-materials furnished by the constituent tribes of the Tairona confoederacy

Kankwe tribe provided pottery (CS, p. 65). [Tairona used pottery urns for secondary interrments.]

Minos’s son Glaukos was discovered dead in urn (GM 90.d).

Saha tribe provided spiral seashells (SS).

Spiral seashell was threaded at Kamikos by Daidalos at the behest of Minos (GM 92.i).

SS = Jane Fearer Safer; Frances McLaughlin Gill : Spirals from the Sea : an anthropological look at shells. American Museum of Natural History, 1982. [Jane Fearer published an article on the Saha in :- Borders and Peripheries in Lowland South America. WORKING PAPERS ON SOUTH AMERICAN INDIANS, no. 4. Bennington College (VT), 1992.]

GM = Robert Graves : The Greek Myths. 1955.

myths of : fireflies; earthquakes; hummingbirds

"the only light at the beginning came from the fireflies. ... At the time when all was night ... there was only the light of fireflies" (CS, p. 34).

In D.awidian (Dravidian), /MIN/ {cf. Hellenic /MINos-} is ‘firefly’.

The 4 assistants of god Serankua cause earthquakes (CS, p. 33).

Minos’s son Andro-geos was cause of earthquakes (GM 91.f).

The younger daughter of Mehave was suckled (as though she were a flower) by the

Among the daughters of Geraistos (GM 91.3), was (GM 91.g) Antheis (‘Flowery’ – GM, vol. 2, p. 380a), who was

hummingbird Terugama (CS, p. 60). .

at Knidos a nurse to (GM 91.3) Huakinthos.

{/TeRUGama/ may possibly be cognate with [German] /TaROCK/, [Italian] /TaROCCHia/ (= French /tarot/)}

{One of the tarot-cards might be identified with ("HP") :}

Hummingbirds appear in the CBM (p. 44) scene involving a supine tattooed-faced goddess.

Haida dogfish (shark)-goddess Qqaaxhadajaat who is tattooed.

"HP" = "High Priestess" http://www.zacharychartkoff.com/2006/07/03/ii-the-high-priestess-qqaaxhadajaat/

music from stones by dropping them upon rock {Skulle = Skuld, who as Norn of the future ought to be patroness of divination}


Hellenic {& Eskimo}


Ika divination by dropping stones upon bench (CS, p. 61).

Nisos’s daughter Skulle made music by dropping pebbles upon rock said to be


[Ika music was made by scraping on tortoise-shell {similarly to Bodish "singing bowls"}.]

similar to lyre (GM 91.b) [lyre was made of tortoise-shell].


Skulle followed Nisos, "swam after his ship, and clung to the stern until her father" Nisos’s "soul in the form of a sea-eagle swooped down". Thereupon, Skulle’s "soul flew off as a ciris-bird, which is well known for its purple breast and red legs." (GM 91.d) {with /ciri-/ cf. name of mt. /S`IRYo^n/ (anti-Libanus)}

cf. "the sea-goddess, Wachilt, who rose from the sea and halted the ship of King Vilkinus of Norway, proclaiming that she was with child - his child! She returned home with the King, gave birth to Wade, and then disappeared again." Wade’s son, the crippled "Wayland is often identified with the Greek god-smith," Hephaistos" ("SD").


{the 3 sets of finger-joints of [Eskimo goddess] Sedna had to be amputated successively in order to subdue her.}

In Vilkina Saga, a woman had to be (like Angr-boda) slain thrice in order to subdue her (TM, p. 814).

The thatch "which covers the whole of a kan’kurua" (temple) is its "hair", that of the sea-goddess (p. 131).

{cf. the combing of the hair of goddess Sedna by shamans who visit her at the bottom of the sea}


[El Dorado in Colombia]


cf. O`d for whom tears of gold were wept by Freyja.

"SD" = http://www.berkshirehistory.com/legends/smithy02.html

TM = Victor Rydberg (transl by Rasmus B. Andersen) : Teutonic Mythology. Norroena Soc, 1906. http://books.google.com/books?id=XNkXAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA814&lpg=PA814&dq=Vilkinasaga+Hildebrand+thrice&source=bl&ots=Jvz5C8x0Gl&sig=4JzfaPPA6_-vI_QUIM-Rir1Ner8&hl=en&ei=WrRdTLqWBsP58AaKrpC6DQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CBQQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Vilkinasaga%20Hildebrand%20thrice&f=false

myth : rapist is exiled into the depths of the sea

Jereena had sexual intercourse with a woman "who was asleep" (CS, p. 71).

Eu-molpos raped his own sister-in-law (CDCM, s.v. "Eumolpus"),

Jereena "found himself

In Ati’na’boba’s kan’kurua in the sea.

She had grabbed him in his sleep." (CS, p. 76).

whilst he was in the abode of his mother-in-law the sea-goddess Benthesi-kume (‘depth-wave’).

Jereena was informed by his elder brother. Jereena "replies to him in a different voice and is dead." (CS, p. 153) [CS, p. 79 "And he replied as if his voice was far away. When people die their voices come from far away."]

Eu-molpos was informed by his brother Eu-bouleus concerning (GM 24.f) the doing of Hades, god of the dead.

The elder brother of Jereena drew a human figure by gesturing in the air with a wand (CS, p. 81). { drawing figures by gestureing in the air with a wand is a typically Taoist procedure} Thereby he magically produced a living human embryo (CS, p. 82). {magically generating a superhuman embryo is a particularly Taoist exercise}

Associating with Eu-molpos and Eu-bouleus was Tri-ptolemos, who drave a dragon-harnessed chariot throughout the world. {a typically Taoist theme} Krokon and Koiron were reckoned as sons of Tri-ptolemos.


At See’na’ka, a man and a woman were transformed for having sexual intercourse in public place (CS, pp. 126-127).

Melanion and his wife Atalante were transformed for having sexual intercourse in public place (GM 80.l).

While "Nakutche was lying down asleep," some tree-cutters "cut off Nakutche’s feet" (CS, p. 130). ["The caracoli` is a very large tree which represents his feet" (CS, p. 131).]

Atalante’s lover Mele-agros slew Plex-[h]ippos (GM 80.h). Another Plex-[h]ippos cut off the hands of Hermes while Hermes was asleep (CDCM, s.v. "Choricos").

The kan’kwamu (prayer-stick) belonging to Nakutche was covered with writing (CS, p. 132).

Hermes Trismegistos is patron-deity of writing.

CDCM = Pierre Grimal : Concise Dictionary of Classical Mythology. 1990.

pp. 98, 101 journey of souls of the dead




"the dead spirit on its journey to Chundua, the land of the dead, where all good people are thought to go. ... Thus when someone dies ... help the spirit cross the river and pass the eight peaks before reaching the land of the dead. {cf. the 8 cemeteries of the S`mas`ana Vidhi; and the 8 deities of the last 2 pages in the Codex Borgianus Mexicanus.} All the time while on this journey, the wandering ika’nusi will molest the spirit, trying to prevent its passage. These ika’nusi, who are usually described as being black ..., are thought ... to be rather like a dream."


"I dreamt that ... the spirits ... called ika’nusi came to visit me. They were all dressed in black. ... They each had two mouths. One of these was in their chest. Inside it were fangs like those of a dog."


"Earlier when there was no fire, ...

The people had asked the ika’nusi to send them fire."

pp. 57, 103 food-plants which were brought by birds



food brought by that bird

locale whence brought


hummingbird (nigh Mamancana)




mukuru (carrion-hawk)




joo’roo (garrapatero = black cowbird)

bey’sa (a fruit)



gy’jee’ro (quetzal) [at Siokun (p. 104)]

food [maize (p. 104)]

"hot country"

p. 104 joo’roo was "baptised" (rendered ritually comestible) at Siokun

squirrel as food-diviner

p. 105 Ika

ID 3-4, p. 179 [Yoruba]

"kwi’joo’maka, the squirrel ... likened to mamas, ... because of their habit of carefully peeling off the maize leaves from the cob, often retaining the leaf in their claws for some minutes, rather as a mama does when he is divining."

divination-god Ifa "thought that a squirrel was digging and eating them, and he began to keep watch, ... he saw two maidens. ... [He] married them both. There are two maiden together : they are wives of Ifa."

ID = William Bascom : Ifa Divination. IN U Pr, 1969. http://books.google.com/books?id=CS0h4Ye9puUC&pg=PA179&lpg=PA179&dq=squirrel+diviner&source=bl&ots=c8F4aI3JcI&sig=uGLkBxseJX19-5xF3b_38NmwuV8&hl=en&ei=5kdcTJSRPIH68Abj3_yBAg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CBYQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=squirrel%20diviner&f=false

Donald Tayler : The Coming of the Sun : a prologue to Ika sacred narrative. PITT RIVERS MUSEUM, U OF OXFORD, MONOGRAPH No. 7. 1997.