Skanda Puran.a

Kula-devata-s (family goddesses)

 

3:2:21a:1-3

3:2:21a: variant name & her husband

#

Kula-devata

v.

Kula-devata

her husband

1st

Bhat.t.ariki

     

2nd

Chatra

:18

Chatra-ja

Dharan.a

3rd

Ovika

     

4th

Jn~ana-ja

:6

 

Indra-pramada-kas`yapa

5th

Bhadra-kali

     

6th

Maha-is`i

:8

Maha-bala

 

7th

Simha-uri

:16

S`ihari

S`yama-ayana

8th

Dhana-mardani

     

9th

Gatra

:5

Gotra

Aupa-manyava

10th

S`anta

:12

 

Gangeya

11th

S`es.a-devi

:13

S`es.a-laudha

 

12th

Varahi

     

13th

Bhadra-yogini

:9

 

Kr.s.n.a-atreya

14th

Yoga-is`vari

     

15th

Moha-lajja

     

16th

Kula-is`i

     

17th

S`akulacita

     

18th

Tarin.i

:8

 

Kus`ika

19th

Kanaka-ananda

     

20th

Camun.d.a

:19

 

Kas`yapa

21st

Sura-is`vari

     

22nd

Dara-bhat.t.arika

:7

Dara-bhadarika

Man.d.avya

3:2:21b:18 Ava-t.anka-s

Gotra

Patra

Datra

Tras`ayatra

Lad.akatra

Man.d.kiyatra

Vid.alatra

Rahila

Bhadila

Valua

Pokiya

Vakiya

Makalya

Lad.a

Man.aveda

Kaliya

Tali

Veliya

Pamvalan.d.iya

Mud.a

Pitula

Dhiga-magha

Bhuta-pada-vadi

Hophoya

S`evardata

Vapara

Vathara

Sadhaka

Bahudhiya

55 villages founded by Rama & donated by him to Brahman.a-s

3:2:35:37-44

3:2:39:25-33

S`ita-pura

Sita-pura

S`ri-ksetra

"

Mus`ali

 

Mudgali

Magod.i

Jyes.t.hala

Jyet.haloja

S`reyasthana

S`eratha

 

Chede

Dantali

Tali

...

...

Koheca

"

Candana-ks.etra

Candana

Thala

Thala-grama

 

Soha

Hastina-pura

Hathan~-ja

Karpat.a

Kapad.a-van.aka

...

...

Vanod.ahanaphavali (?)

Vanod.i

...

...

Thalatyaja

Thalaja

Caran.a-siddha

Caran.a, Siddha

...

...

Vat.a-malika

Malia

Go-dhara

Go-dhari

 

...

Maran.a-ja

Man.a-ja

...

...

Vams`a-ja

Vasatad.ia

Jayasamran.a

Jas.asan.a

Gotiki

Gotiya

...

...

Dugdhavali

Dudhiya

Hamsavali

Halola

Vaihola

Vaihola

...

 

Asavali

Asala

 

...

Su-hali

Sam-haliya

4:1:3:33-49 in hermitage of Agastya: amity among animals

v.

usually prey

usually praedator

:34

elephant

lion

 

lion

as.t.a-pada ("8-footed" s`arabha)

:37

bhu-dara ("earth-digger" =? aardvark )

hyaena

:38

deer-fawn

tigress

 

monkey

bear

:40

rabbit

wolf

:41

peafowl

cat

:42

peafowl

serpent

 

serpent

mongoose

:43

mouse

serpent

:45

hind

tigress

:46

s`ambara-deer

hunter

:47

rohita-deer

wild buffalo

 

camari-hind

s`abara woman

:48

porcupine

gavaya

:50 "The beasts of prey here eat only grasses and sedges." {cf. Nbu^-kad-nes.s.ar (Daniye>l 4:33)}

4:2:57:59-114 the 7 circles of Vinayaka-s (Gan.a-adhi-aks.a-s / Gan.a.-is`vara-s), totalling 56

v.

dir.

Vinayaka

     

1st circle

:59

 

Arka {Orcus}

:60

S

Dus-ga

:61

SW

Bhima-can.d.a

:62

W

Dehali

:63

NW

Ud-dan.d.a

:64

N

Pas`a-pan.i

:65

 

Kharva {Kharon}

:66

E

Siddhi

     

2nd circle

:69

W

Lamba-udara

:70

N

Kut.a-danta

:71

NE

S`ala-kat.ankat.a

:72

E

Kus.man.d.a

:73

SE

Mun.d.a

:75

S

Vikat.a-dvi-ja

:76

SW

Raja-putra

:77

S

Pran.ava

     

3rd circle

:80

N

Vakra-tun.d.a

:81

N

Eka-dantaka

:82

NE

Tri-mukha

:83

E

Pan~ca-asya

:84

SE

Heramba

:85

S

Vighna-raja

:86

SW

Vara-da

:87

S

Modaka-priya

     

4th circle

:89

N

Abhaya-da

:90

N

Simha-tun.d.a

:91

NE

Kun.ita-aks.a

:92

E

Ks.ipra-prasadana

:93

SE

Cinta-man.i

:94

S

Danta-hasta

:95

SW

Picin.d.ila

:96

S

Ud-dan.d.a-mun.d.a

     

5th circle

:98

N

Sthula-danta

:99

N

Kali-priya

:100

NE

Catur-danta

:101

E

Dvi-tun.d.a

:102b

SE

Jyes.t.ha

:104

S

Gaja

:105

S

Kala

:106

S

Naga-is`a

     

6th circle

:108

SE

As`an

:109a

SW

Sr.s.t.i

:109b

SW

Yaks.a

:110a

W

Gaja-karn.a

:110b

NW

Citra-ghan.t.a

:111a

N

Sthula-jangha

:111b

NE

Mitra

     

7th circle

:113

 

Moda

   

?

   

?

   

?

   

?

   

Jn~ana

   

Dvara

:114

 

A-vimukta

[7 circles of 8 each: directions are given from correlative in praevious circle]

[parallel sequences]

4:2:61:

4:2:69:

4:2:84:

4:2:97:

:4 Pada-udaka

 

:3 Pada-udaka

 

:6 Sangama-

   

:16 Sangama-

 

:8 Sanni-

 

:30 -sanna-

:9 Tarks.ya

 

:13 Garutmana (son of Tarks.ya]

 

:10 Narada

 

:14 Narada

 

:11 Prahlada

 

:15 Prahlada

:35 Prahlada-

:12 Ambaris.a

 

:16 Ambaris.a

 

:13 [Datta-atreya-]

 

:18 Datta-atreya

 

:14 Bhargava

 

:19 Bhargava

 

:15 Vamana

 

:20 Vamana

 

:16 Nara Nara-ayan.a

 

:21 Nara Nara-ayan.a

 

:17 Yajn~a-Varaha

 

:22 Yajn~a-Varaha

 

:18 Vidara Nara-simha

 

:23 Vidara Nara-simha

 

:19 Gopi-Govinda

 

:24 Gopi-Govinda

 

:20 Laks.mi Nr.-simha

 

:25 Laks.mi Nr.-simha

 

:21 S`es.a-

 

:26 S`es.a

 

:22 S`ankha-madhava

 

:27 S`ankha-madhava

 
 

:23 -kat.a-

 

:40 +-kat.a

 

:24 [Svas-lina]

:31 Svas-lina

 

:25 Nis-vana-

:39 [Nis-vana-] S`ula-

 

:53-54 S`ula-

:79 Parvata-

:49 [Parvati]

   
 

:74 Tri-ambaka

 

:79 Tri-ambaka

 

:89-91 Rudra

 

:89-91 Rudra-

:165 Markan.d.eya

   

:104 Markan.d.eya

 

:92 [Ban.a-]

:35 Ban.a

 
 

:95-96 -bhairava

:46 Bhairava

 

:186 [Kala-bhairava]

 

:47 Kala-bhairava

 

:193 -ugra-

:97-98 Ugra

 

:113 great Ugra-is`vara

:202 Bhava

:99 Bhava

   

:203 Dharan.i-varaha

:125-126 Dharan.i-Varaha

:66 -varaha

 
 

:159 Maruka-

:71 Marutta

 

"great Ugra-is`vara" is that whereby a man becometh jati-smara (remembering praevious lives)

4:2:61:188-197 the Nara-simha-s

vv.

nigh __

"I am __ Nara-simha"

:188

Pulasti-is`vara

Nis-vana

:190

Can.d.a-bhairava

Pracan.d.a

:191

Dehali-vinayaka

Giri

:192

Pitamaha-is`vara

"remover of great fears"

:193

Kalas`a-is`vara

Ati-ugra

:194

Jvala-mukhin

Jvala-malin

:195-196

Kankala-bhairava

Kolahala

:197

Nila-kan.t.ha-is`vara

Vit.anka

[numerics:] k[ot.i] = 10^7; l[aks.a] = 10^5

v.

there are __

of __ (deities)

4:2:61:207

100

Nara-ayan,a-s

 

500

Jala-s`ayin-s

 

30

tortoises [Kurma-s]

 

20

fishes [Matsya]

4:2:61:208

108

Go-pala-s

 

1000s

Buddha-s

 

30

Paras`u-rama-s

 

101

Rama-s

4:2:62:99

33 k

Deva-s

 

1 k + 2 l

Gan.a-s

 

9 k

Camun.d.a-s

 

1 k

Bhairava-s

4:2:62:100

8 k

Kumara-s

4:2:62:101

7 k

"elephant-faced"

4:2:62:102

86,000

R.s.i-s

4:2:62:103

3 k

serpents [Sarpa-s]

 

2 k

Danava-s

 

2 k

Daitya-s

4:2:62:104

80 l

Gandharva-s

 

k

Yaks.a-s

 

k

Raks.asa-s

 

21 l

Vidya-dhara-s

4:2:62:105

60,000

Ap-saras-es

 

8 l

Go-matr.-s

 

6 l

Su-parn.a-s

4:2:62:106

53,000

rivers

4:2:62:107

8,000

mountains

 

300

Vanas-pati-s

4:2:69:2-167 the 68 ayatana-s ("holy spots") in Kas`i / A-vimukta

vv.

nigh __

is linga __

from __

:2-7

Rudravasa

Sthan.u

Kuru-ks.etra

:8

Lola-arka

Sanni-hati

Kuru-ks.etra

:11-12

D.hun.d.hi-raja

Deva-deva

Naimis.a-aran.ya

:13-15

Go-karn.a

Maha-bala

 

:16

R.n.a-mocana

S`as`i-bhus.an.a

Prabhasa-ks.etra

:18-19

Pran.ava

Maha-kala

Ud-jayini

:20-21

Matsya-udari

Ayas-gandha-is`vara

Pus.kara

:22

Tri-locana

Maha-nada-is`vara

At.t.a-hasa

:23

Kama-is`vara

Maha-ud-kat.a-is`vara

Marut-kot.a

:24

Svar-lina

Vimala-is`vara

Vis`va-sthana

:25

Skanda-is`vara

Maha-vrata

Maha-indra

:26-34

Kas`ika = Anandaka-anana

Maha-deva

[Varan.asi]

:36-37

 

Pitamaha-is`vara

Gaya

:39-41

Nirvan.a-man.d.apa

S`ula-t.anka

[Prayaga]

:44-47

Vinayaka-is`vara

Maha-tejas

S`anku-karn.a

:48-49

Parvati

Maha-yoga-is`vara

Rudra-kot.i

:55

 

Kr.tti-vasas

Eka-ambara

:57-58

Gan.a-adhi-aks.a

Can.d.i-is`[var]a

Maru-jangala

:59

Danta-kut.a

Nila-kan.t.ha

Kalan~jara

:61

S`ala-kat.ankat.a

Vijaya[-is`a]

Kas`mira

:63

Kus.man.d.aka

Urdhva-retas

Tri-dan.d.a

:65

Man.d.a

S`ri-kan.t.ha

Man.d.ala-is`vara

:67

Pis`aca-mocana

Karpardi[n]-is`vara

Chagala-an.d.a

:69-70

Vikat.a-dvi-ja

Suks.ma-is`[var]a

Amrata-kes`vara

:71

Lamba-udara

Jayanta

Madhu-kes`vara

:73-75

Vis`va-is`a

Tripura-antaka

S`ri-s`aila

:76

Vakra-tun.d.a

Kukkut.a-is`vara

Saumya-sthana

:77

Kut.a-danta

Tri-s`ulin

Jala-is`vara

:78

Eka-danta

Jat.in

Rama-is`vara

:79

Tri-mukha

Tri-ambaka

Tri-sandhya

:80

Haris`candra-is`vara

Hara-is`vara

Haris`candra

:81

Catur-veda-is`vara

S`arva

Madhyamaka-is`vara

:83

 

Yajn~a-is`vara

Sthala-is`vara

:85-86

S`aila-is`vara

Sahasra-aks.a

Su-varn.a

:87-88

Mantra-is`vara

Hars.ita

 

:89-91

Tripura-is`a

Rudra

Rudra-mahalaya

:92

Ban.a-is`vara

Vr.s.a-is`a

Vr.s.abha-dhvaja

:93

Prahlada-kes`ava

Is`ana-is`vara

Kedara

:95-96

Kharva-vinayaka

Samhara-bhairava

Bhairava

:97-98

Arka-vinayaka

Ugra

Kanakhala

:99

Bhima-can.d.i

Bhava

Vastra-patha

:101-102

Dehali-vinayaka

Dan.d.in

Deva-daru-vana

:103-104

Uddan.d.a-gan.apati

Bhadra-karn.a-hrada

 

:106

"in front of you"

S`ankara

Haris`candra

:107

Candra-is`a

Kala[-s`es.a]

Yama

:110

 

Pas`upati

Nepala

:112

 

Kapala-is`a

Karaviraka

:113

 

Uma-pati

Devika

:115

Uma-pati

Dipta-is`a

Maha-is`vara-ks.etra

:116-117

Maha-deva

Nakuli-is`vara

Kayarohan.a

:118

 

Amara-is`a

Ganga-sagara

:119-120

Nakuli-is`vara

Bhima-is`vara

Sapta-godavari

:121

Bhima-is`[var]a

Bhasma-gatra

Bhuta-is`vara

:123-124

Maha-laks.mi-is`vara

Hara = Svayam-bhu

Nakuli-is`vara

:125-126

Prayaga

Dharan.i-Varaha

Mandara

:128-129

Dharan.i-Varaha

Gan.a-adhi-aks.a

Karn.ikara

:130

Maha-is`vara

Virupa-aks.a

Hema-kut.a

:131

Brahmanala

Hima-stha-is`a

Ganga-dvara

:132-136

Matsya-udari

Gan.a-adhi-pa

Kaila-asa

:147

Gan.a-adhi-pa

Bhus-Bhuvas

Gandha-madana

:149-151

Is`ana-is`vara

Hat.aka-is`a

Patala

:153

Jn~ana-vapi

Taraka-is`vara

Taraka

:157-158

Bhara-bhuta-is`vara

Kirata-is`[var]a

Kirata

:159

 

Maruka-is`vara

Lanka

:160

Paulastya-raghava

Nais-r.ta-is`vara

 

:160

"in the middle of the waters of the Ganga"

Jala

 

:163-164

Jyes.t.ha-is`vara

S`res.t.ha

Kot.i-is`vara

:165

Nala-is`vara

Anala-is`vara

"out of the mouth of Vad.ava"

:166

 

Tri-vis.t.apa

Virajas

:167

Pilipila

Om-kara

Amara-kan.t.aka

4:2:70:4-94 locations of goddesses

v.

the vicinity of [her husband] __

is the goddess __

having as her female attendant __

:4-17

[Vis`va-natha]

Vis`ala-aks.i

:22-25 Vis`va-bhuja

:18-21

Ganga-Kes`ava

Lalita

 

:26

Kratu-varaha

Varahi

 

:28

Indra-is`a

Aindri

 

:29

Skanda-is`vara

Kaumari

 

:30

Maha-is`vara

Maha-is`vari

 

:31

Nis-van.a Nara-simha

Nara-simhi

 

:32

Brahma-is`a

Brahmi

 

:35

Gopi-Govinda

Nara-ayan.i

 

:37

S`aila-is`vara

S`aila-is`vari (threatening with her index finger)

 

:38-42

Citra-gupta-is`vara

Citra-ghan.t.a {cf. church-bells tolling for the dead}

 

:44

Bhadra-naga

Bhadra-kali

 

:45

Siddhi-vinayaka

Hara-siddhi

 

:46

Vidhi-is`vara

Vidhi

 

:47-52

Tirtha-raja

Nigad.a-bhan~jani "breaker of fetters" (holding hammer-and-chisel, for liberating prisoner)

:50 Bandi ? (for making kinsfolk return from abroad)

:53-54

A-mr.ta-is`vara

A-mr.ta-is`vari

:55 Maha-maya ?

:56

Prapitamaha "greatgrandfather"

Siddha-laks.mi "the mother of the universe" {= Praj~na-paramita}

 

:58-59

Nala-kubara

Kub-ja

 

:60-61

Kubja-ambara-is`vara

Triloka-sundari

 

:62

Samba-adiya

Dipta

 

:63

S`ri-kan.t.ha

Maha-laks.mi

:68 Haya-kan.t.hi (with axe, cutting off great trees of obstacles)

:69

Kurma

Kurmi (holding noose) (:70 for ks.etra-siddhi)

:70 S`ikhi Can.d.i (in northwest) :71 peahen, consuming obstacles {cf. Chalchiuh-totolin, turkey devouring faeces}

:72-73

Bhima-is`vara

Bhima-can.d.i (holding mallet)

 

:74

Vr.s.abha-dhvaja

Chaga-vaktra-is`vari (eating tree-shoots -- ?bamboo-shoots)

 

:75-77

Sangama-is`vara

Tala-jangha-is`vari the hideous-faced {cf. Medousa ?}

 

:78

Uddalaka-is`vara

Yama-dams.t.ra

 

:80-85

Daruka-is`a

Carma-mun.d.a (laughing boistrously, squint-eyed, wearing leopard-hide & garland-of-skulls, having thousands of arms, holding dagger)

:89 "In between these two deities named Carmamun.d.a and Maharun.d.a is stationed Camun.d.a with her form made up of skulls."

:86-88

Haya-griva

Maharun.d.a (wearing garland of headless trunks)

:92-93

Svapna-is`vara

Svapna-is`vari at Asi river, :94 her worshipper "will be able to see the future in dreams."

 

{so, the "sword of the spirit, which is the word of God", is a message received in a dream.}

ANCIENT INDIAN TRADITION AND MYTHOLOGY SERIES, Vols. IX-XI. The Skanda-Puran.a, translated by G. V. Tagare. Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi, 1996-1997.