S^urpu [Burnings {= <ibri^ /s`rap-/}], Tablets I-IV

[/j/ in transliterations are pronounced as in German]

pp. 1-2 the tablets of S^urpu (#ing according to the Nineveh recension)

p.

Tab.

contents

3

I

"four incantations ... . The last three of these incantations, addressed to the sulphur [cf. "sulphur" in Tablet I, according to "Ritual-tablet", line 5], the fire and the torch [cf. "torch" in Tablet I, according to "Ritual-tablet", lines 7-8] -- ...

4

"

on a tablet that we publish here as an Appendix (pp. 52f.)."

1

II

importuning of deities, imploring them to forgive patient

 

III

list of oaths guiltily forsworn by patients

 

IV

appeal to benevolence of Marduk

 

V-VI

"burning of various objects that symbolize the sins ... of the patient"

2

VII

"plight of the patient an attack of demons leagued against him"

 

VIII

entreaty to "a great number of deities to release the patient"

 

IX

"all Sumerian : it is a collection of conjurations ... addressed to the objects used in the ritual ceremony"

3

[sequel]

"S^urpu itself ... instruct the incantation-priest to proceed next with Ili-ud-idi."

p. 3 The "Ritual-tablet" is "known by the title ... of Ili-ud-idi "My god, I do not know ..."".

p. 2 dating of S^urpu

"Falkenstein (MDOG 85, p. 6 and n. 27) and von Soden (ibid., p. 24) ... have dated S^urpu to the Kassite period, in agreement with the date first proposed by Schott (ZDMG 81, p. XLVII) on the basis of the similarities between the language of S^urpu and that of the kudurru (boundary stone) inscriptions, a typically Kassite genre."

p. 3 the position of S^urpu in the conventional sequence of Akkadian ritual texts

According to "Bit rimki "The House of Ablutions", designed to ward off the evil portended by lunar eclipses," "the incantations of Maqlu^ are followed by Ili-ud-idi".

"This sequence of S^urpu following upon Maqlu^, is attested in other sources also. A manual for the incantation-priest that enumerates the textbooks ... places S^urpu between Maqlu^ and the Dream-Book (Oppenheim, Dream-Book). This manual is ... published by Zimmern ... (ZA 30, pp. 204 ff.)".

pp. 11-12 contents of the 6 tablets of S^urpu, according to the "Ritual-tablet"

p.

l.

Tab.

text

meaning

11

5

1st

BIL.GI [cf. BIL.GI in "Appendix" (p. 53), ll. 6-7]

Gibil

 

16

 

Gal6-la

Gallu

12

rev. II.2

2nd

GIS^.BAR

Girru

 

rev. II.10

 

DIS^

Ea

 

rev. II.13

3rd

id.lu.ru.gu

"River"

 

rev. II.15

4th

s^inig

"tamarisk"

 

?

5th

?

 
 

rev. II.18

6th

DINGIR.MU ul ZU

God my not knoweth

pp. 52-53 "Appendix" [p. 3 this is numbered as "1st Tablet", according to the Assur recension; it is omitted in the Nineveh recension, which is lacking any tablet #ed as "1st"]

p.

l.

Sumerian

l.

Akkadian

meaning

52

1

inim.inim.ma

   

conjuration

 

4

Buranuna

5

Pu-rat

Euphrates

 

8

En.ki

9

E-a

(father)

 

16

Dam.gal.nun.na

17

Dam-ki-na

(mother)

 

22

id.Lu.ru.gu

23

ID

"River"

 

24

nam.erim

25

ma-mit

oath

 

28

Utu

29

UTU

S^amas^

53

rev. 6

BIL.GI

7

BIL.GI

Gibil

 

rev. 20

Nin.ka.si

     

pp. 17-18 Tablet II deities ("may __ release")

p.

l.

Sumerian

Akkadian

trait

17

134

AMAR.UD

Marduk

"exorcist among the gods"

 

135

?

 

"god of ... the house"

 

136

?

 

"god of the sinner"

 

137

U.GUR

Nergal

"lord of absolution"

 

138

 

S^u-qa-mu-na & S^i-ma-li-ia

 
 

140

KI.NE

 

[god of the] Stove

 

142

 

A-num & An-tum

 
 

143

En-lil

 

creator of all

 

144

Nin-lil

 

queen of E.KI.U`R

 

146

En-ki & Nin-ki

   
 

147

En-s^ar & Nin-s^ar

   
 

148

E-a

 

king of the ZU+AB

 

151

AMAR.UD

 

king of the I-gi`-gi`

 

152

 

S.ar-pa-ni-tum

queen of E.SAG.IL

 

155

PA & Na-na-a

Nabu^ & Nana^

in E.ZI.DA

 

156

 

Tas^-me-tum

"daughter-in-law"

 

157

DI.KUD

 

thronebearer of E.SAG.IL

 

158

 

Iq-bi-SIG5

 
 

160

GAL

   
 

"

 

De-ri-tum

Deritu

 

161

SUH-S^ES^

Ins^us^inak

in S^u-u-s^- [S^us^an]

 

162

 

La-h^u-ra-til

 
 

163

 

Ia-ab-ru

Jabru

 

"

 

H^um-ba

H^umban

 

"

 

Ru-s^u

Naprus^u

 

166

 

si-bit-ti

the 7 winds

 

168

 

Is^-tar

in UNUG (Uruk)

 

169

NIN.E.AN.NA

Belet-ajakki

in E.AN.NA

 

170

 

A-nu-ni-tum

in A-ga-de`

 

172

 

Is^-h^a-ra

"lady of human dwellings"

18

173

 

S^i-du-ri

"goddess of wisdom"

 

175

I`r-ra, I`r-ra-GAL, I`r-ra-KAL.KAL

   
 

176

 

La-az

 
 

"

 

H^a-ia`

 
 

"

LU`.HUS^.A

   
 

177

LUGAL.EDIN.NA

   
 

"

 

La-ta-rak

 
 

178

 

S^ar-ra-h^u

 
 

179

UTU

 

the Warrior

 

180

TI.BAL

   
 

"

SAG.KUD

   
 

"

SAG.US^

Kajamanu

 
 

181

 

Im-me-ri-ia

 
 

183

 

Na-ru-du

 
 

184

Hendur-sag-ga

   

pp. 21-24 Tablet III deities ("the oath of __")

p.

l.

Sumerian

Akkadian

trait

21

72

Nin-urta

 

lord of the censer

 

75

 

Si-lak-kum or Ri-ri-tu

Silakku or Bariritu

 

76

 

Be-li-li

"Belili, the always weeping one"

 

77

Ma-nun-gal

 

"the snatcher"

 

78

Ki-li-li

 

"of the windows"

 

79

Gaz-ba-ba

 

"the always laughing one"

 

80

Ab-ta-gi4-gi4

 

"(goddess) of niews"

 

81

NIN BA`D

 

"Lady of the city-wall"

 

82

 

li-sak-ke-e s^a tu-ub-qa-a-ti

Lisak"-demons of the corners"

 

84

ALA`D

 

"protective spirits" ("laughing")

 

85

UDUG

 

"demons" ("who chase")

 

86

GIDIM

 

"ghosts" ("revenants")

 

87

MAS^KIM

 

"lurking-demons" ("who sneak")

22

104

 

Sin

 
 

105

 

S^a-mas^

 
 

106

MAS^

Ninurta

 
 

107

Nin-gir-su

   
 

108

PA+KU

Nusku

 
 

109

(I-gi`-gi`)

   
 

110

A-nun-na-ki

   
 

111

   

"gods of the night"

 

112

E-a

 

"lord of wise understanding"

 

117

 

Ku`-b-

 
 

120

GI`R

 

(god of) cattle

 

129

ES^4.DAR

 

goddess

23

145

IZI.GAR

 

(god of) lamp

 

146

LUGAL.GIS^.A.TU.GAB

 

"Lord of the poplar"

 

151

 

A-nu-um & An-tum

 
 

152

En-lil & Nin-lil

   
 

153

Ea

   
 

"

 

Dam-ki-na

 
 

154

 

Sin

 
 

"

Nin-gal

   
 

155

 

S^amas^

 
 

"

 

A-a

Aja

 

156

IS^KUR

Adad

 
 

"

 

S^a-la

 
 

157

AMAR.UD

   
 

"

 

S.ar-pa-ni-tum

S.arpanitu

 

158

PA

   
 

"

 

Tas^-me-tum

Tas^metu

 

159

Nin-urta

   
 

"

NIN.NIBRU.KI

Belet-Nippuri

 
 

160

 

Da-mu

 
 

"

 

Gu-la

 
 

161

Nin-gir-su

   
 

"

Ba-u

   
 

162

 

(Bi-ir-du)

 
 

"

 

Re-e-bi

 
 

163

(PA+KU)

(Nusku)

 
 

"

Sa-da`r-nun-na

   

24

169

?

   
 

170

Nin-...

   
 

171

Pap-sukkal

   
 

172

IMIN.BI

 

"the Seven "

{l. 117 Ku`-b- = not only Kub in the Bible, but also Cuba, the island proximate to Eridu on the Jefferson-to-Madison counties-boundary in Florida}

pp. 26-29 Tablet IV

p.

l.

Sumerian

Akkadian

trait

26

45

 

u-tuk-ki

daimon

 

46

A.LA

 

binder

 

47

GIDIM

 

ghost

 

48

GAL5.LA

 

devil

 

49

DINGIR

 

god

 

50

MAS^KIM

 

lurker

 

52

DI`M.ME

Lamas^tu

 
 

53

DI`M.ME.A

Labas.u

 
 

54

DI`M.ME.KIL

Ah^h^asu

 

27

60

 

S^amas^

"the warrior"

 

61

 

Sin

 
 

"

U+GUR

Nergal

 
 

62

 

(Is^tar)

15

 

"

 

Ba-u

 
 

"

 

A-nu-ni-tum

Anunitu

 

63

 

A-uum

 
 

"

En-lil

   
 

"

E-a

   
 

"

NIN.TU

 

"Mother-Goddess"

 

64

IS^KUR

Adad

 
 

"

MAS^

Ninurta

 
 

"

Za-ba4-ba4

   
 

"

Tis^pak

   
 

"

Nin-gir-su

   
 

65

Uras^

   
 

"

AMAR.UD

   
 

"

ASAR.RI

   
 

"

 

Asal-lu-h^i

 
 

"

GAL

   
 

"

Tu-tu

   
 

66

   

7 (the Seven)

 

67

   

gods of HA.A

28

89

 

A-num & An-tum

 
 

90

En-li`l

 

lord of NIBRU "with his unchangeable word"

 

91

DIS^

Ea

"whose hands had fashioned man"

 

92

 

Sin

"lord of the month"

 

93

 

S^amas^

"lord of judgment"

 

94

IS^KUR

Adad

"lord of oracles"

 

95

Tis^pak

 

"lord of troops"

 

96

MAS^

Ninurta

"lord of the mace"

 

97

Pap-sukkal

 

"lord of the staff"

 

98

AMAR.UD

Marduk

"wisest among the gods"

 

99

 

Asal-lu-hi

"exorcist among the great gods, through whose charm the dead lives, the sick gets up"

29

100

U+GUR

Nergal

"lord of the verdict"

 

101

Nin-gir-su

 

"lord of agriculture"

 

102

Za-ba4-ba4

 

"lord of the high throne"

 

103

En-nu-gi

 

"lord of [river-]bank and canal"

 

104

PA+KU

Nusku

vizier of E.KUR

 

105

BIL.GI

Girru

"conciliator" of the angry god and [angry] 15(-goddess)

 

106

 

Is^tar

"Lady of all lands, may she intercede for him"

 

107

Nin-kar-ra-ak

Gula

"great doctoress"

 

108

Ba-u

 

"may she relieve his restlessness"

ll. 60-66 constitute a triangular #

{l. 99 with lu-hi "through whose charm the dead lives" cf. Luhi who reviveth dead fish when invoked by mahasiddha Tailika-pada}

References :

MDOG = Mitteil. d. Deutsch. Orient-Gesellschaft

ZDMG = Zeitschrift d. Deutsch. Morgenl. Gesellschaft

ZA = Zeitschrift fu:r Assyriologie

ARCHIV FU:R ORIENTFORSCHUNG, Beiheft 11 = Erica Reiner : S^urpu : a Collection of Sumerian and Akkadian Incantations. Graz, 1958.