Nas.uray mythology

pp. 47-48 HiBiL = [Danish] HumBLe = [Hellenic] KePHaLos



(p. 47) Hibil is swallowed by Krun [variant: >AKRUN]

[Cf. AKRON, OH; or, possibly, <akran of B-MDBR 1:13]

(p. 48) Hibil abandoned his wife +Ruh.a & his son <or ["to awaken" (DBW 5782)], whom he hurled down from heaven and buried under 7 earths

Kephalos abandoned his wife +Auos/Eos/Eos ("dawn", the awakener) & his son Phaethon, who was hurled out of heaven and died

(p. 47) Hibil had an additional wife, +Zahr->il (zahar "to admonish", DBW 2094)[: she was mother of Ptah.->il (p. 239 -- AQ)]

Kephalos had an additional wife, +Prokris -- they were parents of Arkeisios (P) with (for spelling) (GS)

P =

GS =

pp. 50-52 Yam-

(p. 50) Yam (instead of

Yam "sea" is an >ugaritic god's name (Y)

(p. 52) Yamin

Yamin (DBW 3226), mentioned in same verse (B-R>S^YT 46:10; S^MWT 6:15) as Yakin, pillar sacred to the Freemasons

Y =

p. 199 progenitors of mankind in world-ages (GR 2:1:118-122)


progenitors (m. & f.)

duration (p. 143)

ethnic succession of human races


PAGRA & +Kasia (p. 143)

250 y.

PA<RAi >ARBi^ (2nd S^MW>L 23:35) {: >ARBeh "grasshopper", cf. [Navaho] Grasshopper-people in 2nd world, DB 1:4 p. 43}


RaM & +Rud

150,000 y.

[Duruz] RiMM (worm -- "I am a worm and no man."). <ar. Riyad. "exercise"


S^urbay & (p. 49) +S^u/arhab<il


S^erebyah (DBW 8274 -- >ZR< 8:24; NH.MYH 12:24) "quivering of air from heat" (similar to mirage, DBW 8273)


Nu[h.] & (p. 202) +N[h.]ureta

6,000 y. (p. 216)



Yurba (p. 216) in city 60 miles in width

2,000 y. (p. 216)

Yarib (DBRY H-YMYM > 4:24) {cf. }


(p. 226) T.aB-Yumin; (p. 132) T.IB (city)


[Duruz] T.IBB "physician"

p. 201, fn. 7 caelestial bodies successively dominating aequal quotients of 480,000 y. (GR 18)


caelestial body















p. 201 whereof, last 78,000 y. = triangular-number summation, in order declining by 1,000 y. each, from Aries 12,000 y. to Pisces 1,000 y.

p. 201 ark of Nuh. (GR 18)


for ark


300 years

being built of cedar-wood


42 days & 42 nights

incoming of deluge-waters

42-days' mourning

11 months

afloat until stopped on Mt. Qardun

11-sign zodiac (minus Libra)

pp. 204-210 planetary origins of religions (GR 9:1)



possible localization

(p. 204) Kiwan (Saturn)

"female liliata go with the men"

[Sumerian] goddess +Nin-LIL

(p. 205) S^amis^ (Sun)

bursma staves; wasqa communion-bread; "They eat the dead and ... They go to bed with mothers and daughters"

according to Herodotos, one Persian tribe ate their own dead {this endocannibalism is also practiced by some South American Indian tropical forest tribes}; likewise approved incestuous marriages {cf. Hawai>ian marriages between father & daughter, etc.}

(pp. 206-207) [D]Libat (Venus)

"monkeys sit on their shoulders". MiNuNei: worship in "the name of death"; "water ... they boil"; "sacrament of female ass"

pet monkeys in India; MeNoN is a common man's name in India; goddess named +Mr.tyu is known in India; Jaina monks must boil water before drinking it; ass-god Dhenuka in India (dhenuka would mean "little cow", alluding to sacred cows there)

(p. 208)

"seven saints"; induced abortions with foetuses eaten

seven stars of constellation Ursa Major, worshipped in China; Chinese (Maoist) eating of human foetuses from induced abortions

(p. 209)


ANKHOR Wat in Kamboja

(p. 210) [Nbu>


"When their spirit dies, they are like flies ..."; (p. 210, fn. 32) "feed on wild game"

the Iban of Borneo believe that the spirits of the dead become flies {so did the antient Peruvians}; Iban are hunters who feed on wild game

(p. 210) Sin (Moon)

sexual relations with humria (daemons)

[should be in Sulawesi?]

[at least 2 missing]


[should be Maluku, Papua, Solomons, New Hebrides?]

[(GR 2:1:160) (p. 211) Nirig (Mars)]

the daywia "spread theft"

Whiro is the god of thieves in New Zealand

p. 218 cities (each sending forth 365 tarmidia "deacons" : cf. 365 heavens of Basilides) founded by +naMRuS [name related to MeReS is same way as niMRoD is to MeReD -- Meres is (>S^TR 1:14) a Persian name, but cf. also Italic tribe of MaRSi in Social War]-- GR 15:11




Akkadian deities LaH^Mu & +LaH^aMu (in Enuma Elis^)


MoTiLAL is a common Jaina name[; but probably not also Matali, charioteer of Indra]

Krak NS.aB

NS.iB "garrison", the name of a town (DBW 5334) mentioned along with (in same verse -- YHS^< 15:43 -- as) yiPTaH. the town named after PTaH.>il the "Fourth Life" (p. 175)

<ur S^alam (so spelled, p. 133, fn. 7)

(p. 219) YaQiP [YaQaP/naqap "to surround" ("compassed the city" of Dotan, MLKYM B 6:13-15), Dotayin (DBW 1886 -- B-R>S^YT 37:17) whereat Yo^sep was stripped of his garment, B-R>S^YT 37:23] & Bnia AMiN [>AMeN (Apokalupsis 3:14) haranguing the unclothed (Apokalupsis 3:17-18)]

pp. 219-220 shattering of columns (GR 15:11)

location of assembly of columns: <ur-s^alam [= YrUS^alem]

Y<US^ "assemble" (DBW 5789) son of Bilhan (DBRY H-YMYM < 7:10)

the column <uRSa>il

[<ar.] GaRS/GiRS "nursery-plant, seedling"

the column YaQiP

[<ar.] WaQiF "standing still"

the column >aDunay

[<ar.] >oD "to bend/flex"

the column ZaTAN

Ze^TAN "olive-tree" [cf. 2 olive-trees ZKRYH 4:11-14] son of Bilhan "trouble" [cf. troubles for/by the 2 olive-trees, Apokalupsis 11:4-10]

the column SIHmai

SIHo^n -- [<ar.] sahm "arrow/dart" {is the allusion to arrowroot?}

(p. 220) the column KARKuM

city KARKeMis^ -- [<ar.] kurkum "turmeric"

cf. [Cymry] "battle of the trees"

pp. 226-228 prognostic dream of forthcoming birth of Yuh.ana (JB 18)

p. 228, fn. 8 dream [of star which stopped over +<nisbai, p. 226] was supposedly narrated by Mis^e (Mos^eh)

[it would better have been ascribed to Bil<am: he prophesied a "star" (S^MWT 24:17)]

p. 227 While naked, LILiuk studied the Book of Dreams

{cf. [Sumerian] god en-LIL}

p. 226 <li-ZAR

{cf. ZARatustra}

pp. 228-230 Yuh.ana (JB 32)

his father: 99-y.-old Aba Saba ("father white-haired") Zakria

[<ar.] DIKR "remembering" {: [Skt.] DIGambaRa (Jaina)}

his mother: 88-y.-old +<NISbai

[<ar.] <aNIS "spinster/old-maid"

(p. 229) he (Yuh.ana) was on Mt. PARWAN, (p. 230) until age 22

{[Skt.] PARWAN "mountain" (personified as god)}

[p. 224 he for 42 y. would administer baptisms (GR 2:1:151)]

{cf. 42 [Kemetian] divine assessors in netherworld}

(p. 230) he is accompanied by his guardian angel >anus^-<utra [= "white hawk", p. 219 (GR 18)]

{cf. merlin (small falcon) from Caucasus}

[(p. 239) >anus^-<utra is one of the 24 <utria (AQ)]

24 "elders" (Apokalupsis 4:4)

p. 231 marriage of Yuh.ana with +> [cf. >nah.rat, DBW 588]: their children (JB 31)


H.emdan [H.amadan in Maday = Hagmatana in Media]


Ra<mah (DBRY H-YMYM > 1:9) "thunder" [Ra<i in Maday/Media]


Sa[u]m in S^ah-nameh

pp. 233-236 mas.buta (baptism) of Manda< d-H.iya



p. 233 (JB 30) "a dove ... threw ... and changed the water into several colors"

"took seventy-two colors and threw them into a vat" (Gospel according to Philipp 61)

p. 235 (GR 5.4) "first mouth (the anus) and ... last mouth (the mouth)" of the 3-y.-&-1-d.-old boy Manda< d-H.iya

"I am the beginning and the end, the first and the last." (Apokalupsis 22:13)

pp. 235-236 (GR 5.4) mas.buta in (p. 235) river Yarden, in the name of (p. 236) the MANA

Yarden < *WARDen (<ar. >urdan) {: cf. WARDHA-MANA (the Tirthankara of the Jaina)}

p. 236 (GR 5.4) Yuh.ana dieth, is buried beneath sand by Manda< d-H.iya [unlike >adam, whose corpse, unburied, had been left in the cave of Makpelah (WhG); similarly with Ys^u Ms^ih.a, the 2nd >adam]

{Orcus: "Ercwlf the mighty, thou art beneath the sand" (WhG)}

[p. 246 (JB 76) "I come with the sandals of diamonds and ...

"shoes I am unworthy to loose" (Luke 3:16)

a great axe"]

"the axe" (Luke 3:9; Gospel according to Philpp)

p. 237 (cf. fn. 32) the 4 H.ayo^t, sons of "Salvation"




<ayn H.ay

Fount of Life

"fountain of the water of life" (Apocalupsis 21:6)

S^um H.ay

Name of Life

"for my name's sake, shall receive an hundredfold, and shall inherit everlasting life." (Matthew 19:29);"life through his name." (John 20:31); "aeternal life, ... on the name of the Son of God." (1st John 5:13)

Ziw H.ay

Radiance of Life

{Ziff (in the Book of Mormon)}

Nh.ur H.ay

Light of Life

"In him was life; and the life was the light of men." (John 1:4)

the same 4, aequated with visionary composite animals

<ayn "water-well", cf. that of +S.ipporah "talon (of bird-of-prey)" {cf. gigantic bird in valley of diamonds (in 1001 Nights) : "egg of the valley" = "the bald one" [egghead?] (N-<R, p. 183)}

plucked-winged-vulture-"lion" (DNY>L 7:4) >ari^ : mrit. "plucked, made bald" [of bald vulture] -- the leb "heart" would indicate, properly, a labi>"lioness" (DBW 3833)

S^uM, cf. [<ib.] S^aM "sky"

rib-chawing "bear" (DNY>L 7:5) dob : s.ela> "rib" as "the sky" (DBW 6763)

ZIW = [Sumerian] ZIUsudra, who was instructed to build cube according to specified numerical lengths [cf. also "city built 4-square" (Apocalupsis)]

4-headed "leopard" (DNY>L 7:6) nmar : cf. [<ar.] numra "number"

Nh.ur : [<ib.] Nah.o^r "snorer" (DBW 5152) [from "snore" i s "snarl" at = bare one's teeth at]

iron-teethed stomper (DNY>L 7:7)

if so, then Manda< d-H.ayya may be the eyen-and-mouth horn of DNY>L 7:8

pp. 241-245 Ys^u[<] Ms^ih.a the deceiver



(p. 241) ladder to heaven (GR 2:1:142)

{cf. Kemetian & Iban mythic ladders to heaven}

(p. 241) "he blinds your eyes, he covers up the splendor of the sun" (GR 2:1:142)

"there was a darkness over all the earth" (Luke 23:44)

(p. 245) "the Dumaiia that look like the cross" (JB 30)

DaM "blood": "by the blood of his Cross" (Colossians 1:20)[; and/or perhaps, the person (YS^<YH 21:11), town (YHWS^< 15:52), or country (B-R>S^YT 25:14) DUMah "silence"]

GR = Ginza of the right side; JB = Yuh.ana Book; AQ = Abahatan Qadmayia

Edmondo Lupieri: The Mandaeans. Translated from the Italian by Charles Hindley. William B. Eerdmans Publ. Co., Grand Rapids (MI), 2002. [not transliterated according to etymology]

DBW = Strong's Complete Dictionary of Bible Words. [for etymological spellings of names etc.]

N-<R = Meir B. bar-Asher & Aryeh Kofsky: The Nus.ayri-<Alawi Religion. Brill, Leiden, 2002.

WhG = Robert Graves: The White Goddess.

DB = Paul G. Zolbrod: Dine' Bahane`. U. of NM Pr, Albuquerque, 1984.


p. 195 wedding gifts brought by planet-deities (GR 3)















sandals & shoes



bread & wine




p. 195 occupations of demi-gods (GR 3)













pp. 196-197 progeny of >ada-kas (>adam Kasya, p. 201, fn. 44) & +Anana-d-Nhura (GR 3)

sets of twins

their names


<anan-Ns.ab & +>


<anan-Ns.ab-S^it>il & +>anhar-H.awwa


Bar-H.ayye (son of life) & +Dmut-H.ayye (counterpart of life)

advent of >ada-kas, etc. (GR 3)



emergence of >ada-kas out of House of Life (p. 200) of the ganzibre "treasurers" (p. 201)

souls of 12 Apostles emerge from Treasury of Life in Pistis Sophia

>ada-kas became incarnate at "the bodily trunk" (p. 201) GuP

= GaP the subterranean god

+Ruh. Qadis^ta "holy (p. 205, fn. 4) spirit" is malicious

disciples of Yoh.anan the Baptist denied (blasphemed) the Holy Spirit (Acts of the Apostles 19:2-3)

Namrus "buried half his jaws in the earth" (p. 207)

cf. [Aztec] spread-jawed earth-monster Tlal-tecuhtli

Namrus "swallowed the black water" (p. 207)

cf. [Bon] "Black Waters"

the liver of Namrus is squashed by the Great Life (p. 208)

cf. extraction of liver of the White Devil by Rustam (Asian Folklore Studies 60:288)

"twenty-four gates" in watchtower of watchers of <ur (p. 211)

24 "elders" in Apokalupsis of St. Iohannes; "Watchtower Society" of Jehovah's Witnesses

H.MURTa-s (p. 213) as female consorts (p. 212, fn. 16) of <ur the son of +Ruha

H.aMORah "she-ass" (? allusion to seeking by S^a>ul the >dom-ite of strayed asses)

"Five voices ... make a terrifying appearance" (p. 213): they appear as "Heavenly wheels" (p. 213, fn. 20) "in colours of fire." (p. 213)

5 voices, prologue to Gospel according to Thomas; >emi^m "terrors" in Mo>ab (DBYM 2:10-11); "chariot of fire" (MLKYM B 2:11)

descents by Hibil[-Ziwa] & by Yawar[-Hibil] into netherworld (GR 5)



by Hibil[-Ziwa]:


KRuN hath no bones (p. 215)

KRaN (DBRY H-YMYM > 1:41); in Africa, to be "boneless" is to be adept at dancing

kidneys of KRuN are cut by Hibil (p. 216)


GeW the brother of Krun (p. 216)

G>U^->el "pride-" the son of Maki^ (B-MDBR 13:15)

2 utensils, MRAR & GiMRa (p. 217)

MRARi^ & GoMeR

(p. 221) "Open your mouth, ... those souls will be like white sesame" (JB 74)

"Open, sesame!" in "tale of <ali^ Baba & the 40 thieves" (1001 Nights)

by Yawar[-Hibil] (GR 5):


location of mirror is disclosed by +Zahr->el to her husband Yawar (p. 217)

by lady-in-waiting of +Toyotama is seen the reflection of Ho-wori, whom she (+Toyotama) thereupon marrieth (K7)

<ur curled up: his spine was broken into pieces by Yawar (p. 218)

Wsi,r "is pictured bent backwards in the form of a hoop" (C4); and is symbolized by DD "spinal column" (Dj)

YaWaR seized pearl from <ur [<ib. <ur "to raise, awaken"] (p. 219)

Y>or "Tigris river" = possessions of (DBRY H-YMYM > 2:23) Makir [cf.Maki^]: Ya>ir father (>STR 2:5) of Marddkay (Mardos river of the [A]Mardoi in Media). Ya>ir was buried at Qamo^n "to arise, stand up" (S^PT.YM 10:5)

black waters resounded like cymbal (p. 219)

"I have drunk from the cymbal" during the Hilaria [cf. Sillery, Quebec] of Kubele (F) (Firmicus Maternus, De Errore Profanarum Religionum 18.1; Clement, Protreptikos 2.15.3; Eusebius of Caesarea, Praeparatio Evangelica 2.3.18) (BM3/2/32)

K7 =

C4 =

Dj =

F =

BM3/2/32 =

p. 220 4 sets of 4 watchers each, set over <ur by Yawar bar Yawar (GR 10) [W, E, S names ->el]







<urp- [cf. +<arpah]

ma-RP- [=RaPa>->el]






Gubran [= Gabri^->el]




Qarb- [= Dosi-theos]



way of souls of the dead to the afterworld (p. 223, fn. 44)



(p. 223) sheep (GL 3:9)

war for sheep of Oidipous at Thebai (in Boiotia)

(p. 224) lions (GL 1:2)

lion of Mt. Kithairon (in Boiotia)

"dragon who surrounds the whole world"

[Norse] Jo,rmungand; and, perhaps, dragons' teeth sown by Kadmos at Kadmeia (in Boiotia)

"They ... hurled meamong the evil planets" [7 in number]

"seven planets of the ancients - they are "Seven chords, answering, as it is said, to the Seven gates of Thebes" (S1) "the seven chords of the human lyre" (4/19) "Seven chords, answering, as it is said, to the Seven gates of Thebes" (S1) (7-gated Thebai in Boiotia)

"they forge weapons"

[Norse] Dvergar

"They ... (play) on drums and flutes"

the +Mousai -- including Euterpe of the flute (E) -- on Mt. Helicon (in Boiotia)

S1 =

4/19 =

E =

Manda< d-H.ayye (p. 225, fn. 48; p. 226, fn. 49) (GR 2:3)

(p.227) "whosoever smells his scent is quickened"

"odor of sanctity" (Chronobiotic™ Nutrition, endnote 1) (At) : so, e.g., of Padre Pio (MB)

(p. 228) "The messenger ... am I" ["messenger" = angel]

"Jesus Christ is an angel" (A) : so, e.g., according to Aurelius Augustin, Tractates on John 24:7 (7/29)

(p. 229) "A vine am I"

"I am the true vine" (John 15:1)

At =

MB =

A =

7/29 =

pp. 230-233 -- mana, messenger of light, Treasure of Life

(p. 230) "clothed themselves in white." (JB 63)

"clothed in pure and white linen" (Apokalypsis of Ioannes 15:6)

"Whoever does not hear the words ... of Manda[<] d[-]Haiye^ falls into the blazing fire."

acc. to Yo^h.anan, "baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire" (Matthew 3:11) [scil., of the Pentacost] {cf. [Maori] Na-toro-i-rani & bringing of fire} (LL)

(p. 232) "I am a shepherd, who loves his sheep. I protect the sheep ... so that they do not see the whirlpool." (JB 11)

"I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep." (John 10:11) {cf. Na-toro-i-rani at whirlpool} (GP1-11)

"I ... give them water to drink ..." (JB 11)

"he would have given thee living water." (John 4:10)

"A fisherman am I of the Great Life, ... Mighty Life." (JB 36)

"fishers of men" (Matthew 4:19; Mark 1:17)

"fish who ... smell no stinking fennel." (JB 37)

{their water-element is distinguished from the fire-element which was brought to mankind in a "fennel-stalk" (GM 39.g)} (P)

(p. 233) "Whoever puts me on ... (as a garment),

"put on Christ" (Galatians 3:27)

he loves neither wife nor child ..." (JB 58)

"he who loveth son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me" (Matthew 10:37)

"The vine which bears nothing is cut off from here" (JB 59)

"As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine" (John 15:4)

LL =

GP1-11 =

P =

pp. 237-243 -- weekly prayers





(p. 237) falling of weapon (bow) of +Namrus (CP 119)

silver bow of +Artemis; [Ugaritic] falling into sea of bow sought by goddess; arrow-quiver of [Kemetian] +Nt


(p. 238) "building" (CP 129) binana (fn. 93)

[<ib.] Binah "understanding" [3rd spirah]


(p. 239) house of life (CP 131) = house of the good (CP 133). (p. 240) "I dwell in their midst, ... in the thoughts (<us.ra) of my disciples"

"For where two or three are gathered together ... , there am I in the midst of them." (Matthew 8:20)


(p. 241) I climbed Karmel mountain via 12 vines (CP 139)

Ascent of Mt. Karmel, by St. John of the Cross (AMC) -- [Maori] Tawhaki ascended to heaven via the "aka matua, or parent vine" (MM)


(p. 242) "strength" (CP 143)

[<ib.] Gburah "strength" [5th spirah]


MM =

pp. 246-250 soul's journey through the caelestial mat.arata "places of detention" (GL 1:4)

"When spirit and soul came forth from the body, from the garb of flesh and blood, ..."


acts of its denizens etc.

(p. 246) boiling cauldron

{ rejuvenated by being boiled in caldron (GM 155.e)}

glowing oven

{being cooked to death in oven, a Hawai>ian treament for losers in sports}


{"corpse ... in a grave" (TBD, p. 180)}

rocky places

{"rock-caves" of animal-rebirth (TBD, p. 212)}


{"black pits" of Hell-being-rebirth (TBD, p. 212)}

(p. 247) watch-house of Nbaz the anvil {cf. anvil falling to Tartaros}

spendthrifts, butchers, oracles of chick-peas, abandoners of spouse, removers of boundary-stones

(p. 248) watch-house of Nbu> the scribe


watch-house of the 7 counterparts adorned with roses

quarrels, disputes, eavesdroppers, murderers of own children, fraud with false measures, usury

(p. 249) watch-house of the magician Ms^ih.a (Christ)

men who do not desire women, women who do not desire men

watch-house of Ewat


(p. 250) watch-house of potentates & lords cf. anvil

who acquit the guilty and condemn the guiltless, who accept bribes, who bear false witness

watch-house of Abatur

who gave no zidqa (alms) to the poor

ayar gufna (the "aether liana") son of the Piriawis-liana

whose root is the kanna (container) of the soul {cf. [Borneo] bunan}, and whose leaves are lamps of dazzling light -- "This soul took a leaf from it and placed it on his eyes."

p. 268 promise by the Redeemer to guide soul out from Tibil, via circumventing obstacles :- (GL 3:25)



bridge thrown across the great sea

Cf. bridges in the Popol Vuh and in the Rama-ayana

dam laid across river

cf. [<ib.] "to seize (as prisoner")

watch-house of rebels


flames of fire


double pits


high mountain made "smoothe"

"every mountain and hill shall be made low" (YS^<YH 40:4)

through wall of iron "which encircles the world like a wreath" (fn. 156) "hack a breach" (p. 269)

iron mountain range Lokaloka surrounding world (according to Puran.a-s & Abhi-dharma)

pp. 284-285 rites for the dead (CP )

(p. 284) prayer for "anointing of the dead":-


S.awr->el releaseth spirit & soul from corpse

S.or = Turos inPhoinikia

H.awRaRan-Karkawan[-Ziwa] cleanseth soul of remains of the cadaver

cf. [<ar.] h.wr "to whiten"; [<ar.] karraka "dredge" clotheth soul


(p. 285) sealed ingirta (epistle [of introduction]) is hung around soul's neck

[Daoist] passport for soul's travel to afterlife-realm is buried in coffin with corpse

p. 287 -- (transplanters) of the white Pih.ta [^>ab (<ZR> 2:6) "hole-" (made for transplanting?)]






ZARZ->el "equip-" (p. 147)

ZaRZ->el [cf. ZRah.yah son of^>ab, <ZR> 8:4]


pp. 297-298 -- mythic history of world (GR 1:181)


from __

to __



Ram {= Rimm "cadaver" [3rd world-age, N-<R, p. 184]} & +Rud


Ram & +Rud

S^urbai & +S^arh.ab>el [cf. S^aruh.en]


S^urbai & +S^arhab>el




<ur S^alam

GR = Ginza of the right side; GL = Ginza of the left side; JB = Yuh.ana Book; CP = Canonical Prayerbook

Werner Foerster (translated from the German by R. McL. Wilson): Gnosis. Vol. 2: "Coptic and Mandean Sources." Oxford, Clarendon Pr, 1974. [transliteration is inadequate, omitting (except on p. 147) letter <ayin]

N-<R = Meir B. bar-Asher & Aryeh Kofsky: The Nus.ayri-<Alawi Religion. Brill, Leiden, 2002.

TBD = Francesca Freemantle (transl.): The Tibetan Book of the Dead. Shambhala, Boston, 1992.

GM = Robert Graves: The Greek Myths. 1955.