Fragments of Lappish Mythology, Part 5


5. (pp. 271-305) "Addition". [based on the manuscript on Lappish Mythology by Faollman]

5:1 (p. 272) Akka/Akko

"Akka or Akko, Atjeg’s wife, was worshipped mostly ... in mountain caves. In Sombioja:rvi she was worshipped in a rock which lies high above the water almost in the middle of the lake."

5:6 (p. 276) Geddekis

"Geddekis Akko or Geddekis Galggo. Those who managed to get to talk with her were promised everything they asked for, and what she promised never failed."

5:9 (p. 277) Havitsen

"Havitsen Galggo was mother of the frog. An old Finnnish country woman had given her daughter away to be brought up by Novitsen Galggo (another troll woman). While there the ill-mannered girl ... wanted to jump in the water. ... she jumped in the water ... so that she became a humpback and turned into a frog."

5:10 (p. 277) Kowre

"Kowre or Kewre is a deity the Tver Lapps in Russian Lapland between Kola and Kandalax worship and pray to. Kowre is a reindeer".

5:12 (p. 279) Lawrekas

"Lawrekas, Finnish Laurukainen. ... raiders in Jumisko ... were asleep and he had lured the guard to pick berries ... . ... It was believed that Laurukainen had the ability to put people to sleep. This numbing ability is called Marit or Marvvit in Kemija:rvi Lappmark dialect."

5:14 (p. 280) juoiket

"In order to be able to fall into trance one must be skilled in the art of singing noaidi songs, which ... are called jaoiget (juoiket) in Lappish."

5:16 (pp. 281-2) Mader

p. 281

"Mader Akko

{cf. the name of /MeDEia/}


had the ability to see in the dark.

{Medeia moved in "darkness" ("CD").}


When worshipped for seven years she would ... show the way to those gone astray and make them never go astray again. ...

p. 282

Whoever served and worshipped Mader Akko always had to have a shoe on his left foot."

{cf. Iason at the "river Anauros. He ... forgot to put his left sandal on again when he arrived at the opposite bank side (or else lost it in the current)." (RHGM, p. 381)}

"CD" = "Colchian Dragon"

RHGM = Robin Hard : The Routledge Handbook of Greek Mythology. London, 2004.

5:17 (p. 282) categories of noadi

"Galge Naoide, a noaidi who could divine the root cause of evil and counteract it;

Girde Naoide, a flying noaidi, who could transform himself into any kind of animal shapes, etc."

5:19 (pp. 283-4) Pa:vio, & his sons

p. 283

"Pa:vio, or Pa:ivats (‘the little sun’) ... was also a mighty hunter of wild reindeer ... . ... He could on occasion capture no less than 1000 wild reindeer at once, ... as wizardry."

p. 284

Pa:vio,’s sons ... could ... defeat ... Lempo or Lemmingi {evidently the lemming-god} (a mythological being, from Finnish Lempo or Lemminga:inen). ... Vuollaba was the strongest of Paivio,’s sons and even wrestled with Stallo."

5:20 (pp. 284-6) Pelko & Piru

p. 284

"The shoes, however, were of a kind that what wore down ... grew back ... . (... the shoes were made of human skin)."

{concerning Rhiannon, Pwyll’s servant-man said, ""Lord, it is no use following her on foot" (M "P1").}

p. 285

"Piru came riding on a hare, but Pelko came riding on his wife who was strangely harnessed."

{At the behest of her husband king PwyLL [notice the phonetic similarity with /PeLko/], queen Rhiannon, acting as a mare, was ridden upon (MM "Q").} ...


Pelko throws a serpent into the pile of squirrels and Piru cedes all the squirrels to Pelko. ...

{cf., in the Edda, the serpent Nidho,ggr and the squirrel Ratato,sk.}


Piru’s golden hammer ... Piru throws ... so high it could hardly be seen in the sky. ...


Piru shouted so the mountains echoed ... . ...

p. 286

Piru bangs his head hard" at the behest of Pelko.

{Gwawl was repeatedly struck at the behest of Pwyll (M "P2").}

MM "Q" = The Mountain of Marvels "The Queen".

M "P" = Mabinogion "Pwyll"

M "P1" =

M "P2" =

5:21 (p. 286) Ruotta

"Ruotta or ‘the pest’ : The inhabitants of Inari describe her as having the shape of a ball of yarn. Inhabitants of Utsjoki claim that the pest has the shape of an ermine. ... Ruotta stayed hidden in ships

{The queen of Tir-nan-Og threw a clew to Maelduin, thereby reeling in his ship (VB, p. 165).}

or merchants’ goods until she arrived at her destination. ...

She had placed herself treacherously in some mountain crevice

{cf. the turning "rampart" of Maelduin’s 31st adventure (VB, p. 169)}

from where she jumped suddenly onboard some ship sailing close by".

VB =

clew of Maelduin also at p. 59

5:24 (p. 290) S^akkalag

"Shakkalag, pl. Shakkalagak {cf. [<ibri^] /S^eQeL/ ‘coin’}, displayed similarities to humans but were small, like children, and lay in the ground a few quarters below the surface, like corpses, but alive. Their bellies were full of silver, mostly coins."

5:25 (p. 290) Olmai

"Tjatse Olmai was actually worshipped during Midsummer night by sitting on the shores of rapids to learn something one wished to know. One was not allowed to speak, only think about what one wished. Nor was one allowed to answer the voice that spoke from the water. First the voice asked : What do you want to know? Then one thought of something ... and while one thought ..., Tjatse Olmai described how it could be obtained. Finally Tjatse Olmai appeared in the form of a human and disappeared. His most prominent assistant ... was Nekke (Na:kken)."

5:26 (p. 290) Kadse-pia

"a Lappish fable about an eagle that took along a small sparrow by the name of Kadse pia and rose with it high in the air. While there the sparrow sang : Oh, what a high flight this man is doing; the Skandien island looks like a small pole." [p. 304, n. 27 : "like a raised pole"]

{In the Sumerian myth, Edanak (Etana) remarked about the small apparent size of geographical features, while he was carried aloft by an eagle.}

5:27 (p. 291) Bja:ra

"(‘be born, be born Bja:ra’). This is repeated for a long time and the object is shaken. ... "I give you, naughty Bja:ra, my soul and body." ... It is made from pin (stick) around which yarn wrapped until it gets the shape of a little bird which then moves by winding. ... In a few parishes bordering on Finnmark she is partly bird, partly cat. {cf. the Manchurian Flying-Tigress deity} Lappish settlers call her ... sometimes Pirun ema:nta: ‘the Devil’s wife’."

5:34 (p. 297) Tonta [This story is somewhat similar to 1:109 (p. 133), and to 1:107 (p. 131).]

"tonta is one-eyed. The tonta lives in a dwelling whose guardian spirit he is. ... The tontas were subordinate to their superior god Olle Tonta.

"In Sodankylla: ... in ancient times, an Olle Tonta lost his sight in the following manner. He came upon a boy... . Tonte {sic} ask for the boy’s name. Jets, said the boy, i.e., ‘Self’. ...

{The Lone Ranger must regard his Indian servant TONTo as an extension of himSELF (in order to remain "Lone" even when accompanied by said servant).}

Jets ties him down with reindeer reigns {reins} ... .

Odusseus "tied each of his companions in turn" (GM 170.d).

The boy then pours molten lead in the cyclop’s eye.

"heated ... in the embers ... into the single eye" (GM 170.d).

Tonta ... does not get a hold of Jets (Self) who played the trick on him."

Odusseus escaped from (GM 170.e) Poluphemos.

5:35 (pp. 297-8) Torvvo

p. 297

"Torvvo ‘consolation’, among the Sea Lapps Daorwo, lived by Lake Polmag and had the ability through magic to summon wild reindeer to his Vuobmen (reindeer pasture). ...

p. 298

The son wakes up his father and he rises to sit up but is already speechless and it then transformed into stone; the stone is still to be seen by Lake Polmag."

5:37 (p. 298) Vadas

"Vadas was able to punish with storms and violent weather ... . He was worshipped on a cliff near Laxfiord, called Vadaspahta ... . One does not dare mention his name as he would then raise a storm."

5:39 (p. 299) Vuorwro

"Vuorwro was a Lappish spirit or ghost who wandered at night. If she entered a room at night, where there was no water, she ate someone in the room. If she found water she went away without harming anyone. Therefore Lapps do not dare go to bed in the evening without having water in the room."

{Bauddha bhiks.u-s are required to leave a bowl of water on the altar of their vihara for the pre-ta-s (hungry ghosts).}


L = Leem : Beskrivelske over Finnmarkens Lapper. Kio/benhavn 1767.

J = Jessen : Afhandling on ... Lappers Hedenske Religion. Kio/benhavn 1767.

Christfrid Ganander : Mythologia fennica. Aobo 1789.

Ho,gstro,m : Beskrifning... lydande Lappmarker. Stockholm 1747.

Strong = Hebrew & Aramaic Dictionary of Bible Words.

Lars Levi Laestadius (transl. from the Swedish by Bo:rje Va:ha:ma:ki) : Fragments of Lappish Mythology. Aspasia Bks, Beaverton (ON), 2002.