Exploring Antient Skies (14)

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14.1 p. 435, Table 14.2 Kogi 13 months named from asterisms

asterism

meaning

identity

Uka`

coatimundi

Pleiades

Tami

tobacco-container

Hyades

Seiku

scorpion

nigh Aldebaran

Huso

crab

in Taurus

Neb-s^iz^a

"red jaguar" (puma)

Orion’s Belt

Neb-tas^i

"blue jaguar"

Orion’s Sword

Nebbi

jaguar

Canis Major

Nebbi-ye`ldyi

otter

?

Tarbi

fer-de-lance snake

Eridanus?

Neb-s^kiz^i (abaxse)

jaguarundi

?

Wa`sa

Conepatus (skunk)

?

Hibixa

weasel

?

Sinsi

mouse

?

Reichel-Dolmatoff (1950-1 & 1975)

14.1 pp. 437-438 similarities (found by David Kelley) between the Kogi of Colombia and the Maya

#

p.

Kogi

Maya

(1)

437a

20-day months

20-day months

(2)

437b

MAMa deities abiding within interior of mountains

MAM deities abiding within interiors of mountains {Aztec Tepe-yollotl; cf. Daoist 36 paradises within interiors of mountains = 36 dekanoi}

(3)

 

PISPISka

PIS : praefix to numbers "particularly used for counting days, months, and years."

(4)

 

serpent-footed god Duganavi (‘elder brother jaguar’)

serpent-footed "God K" {cf. serpent-footed [Hellenic] Gigantes}

(5)

 

"nine ancestors who arrived in nine canoes from the north, escaping from a world in flames" (Reichel-Dolmatoff 1975b, p. 233)

god Ah Bolon Dzacab "he of the Nine Lineages" {cf. 9 lineages descended from [Hawai>ian god] Ha-loa}

(6)

 

"old black god ... Seokukui, Lord of Fire, ancestor of the Owl lineage at Takina, ... the center point muan in Orion’s Belt"

"God L ..., an old black god who wears the muan owl head-dress" "the Aztec Firedrill constellation was identified as the Belt and Sword of Orion."

(7)

438a

Table 14.3 month-names :-

Table 14.3 month-names :-

   

Mukui ‘toad’

Uo ‘Bufo marinus’

   

Maktu ‘opossum’

[Cakchiquel] Mam

[Tzeltal] Ala-uch ‘little opossum’

[Tzeltal] Muc-uch ‘big opossum’

   

Seiku ‘scorpion’

[Tzotzil] Tzec (‘scorpion’, n. e)

   

Dji ‘worm’

[Pokomchi] Tzi

   

Enduksama (Venus-god)

Yax (patron is Venus-god)

   

Nebbi ‘jaguar’

Pop (patron is jaguar)

   

Neb-tas^i ‘blue jaguar’

Uo (patron is waterlily-jaguar)

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14.2.2 p. 442, Table. 14.5 Quechua months as Moche "grand themes"

Moche

Quechua month

Quechua caerimony

1. Flower thrown into air

1. Coya Raymi

expel illness,

2. Union of Thunder-god & Moon-goddess

 

"Ritual copulation".

3. Torture, place of execution

   

4. Weaving

2. Uma Raymi

Weaving,

5. Deer-hunting

 

ear-piercing.

6. "Dance of the dead"

3. Aya marca

"Death God on litter".

7. Race

4. Capac Raymi

Ritual races,

8. Offering and use of coca

 

Initiation rites.

9. Capture of prisoners

5. Capac Camay

Flower war,

10. "War dance with rope"

 

multicolored-rope dance

11. Sacrifice

6. Hatun Pucuy

 

12. Seal-hunts

7. Pacha Pucuy

 

13. "Corpse preparation on guano islands"

   

14. "Passage to the land of the dead"

   

15. Revolt of the artifacts

   

16. Gambling

8. Ayrihua

"Games of chance to help crops grow"

17. "masked dancers; toad with plants"

9. Aymoray

Offerings to Toad-goddess

18. "Bridge of cords (Spider Path to Heaven)"

10. Huacay cuzqui

 
 

11. Chahuahuay

 
 

12. Tarpuy

 

comparison by Hocquenghem

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14.2.5 p. 464 Quechua names of planets according to "Anonymous Chronicler"

p.

464a

 

464b

   

planet

Venus

Jupiter

Mercury

Mars

Saturn

name

Chasca

Pirua

Catu Illa

Aucayoc

Haucha

meaning

"tangled or disheveled hair"

   

"he with enemies"

"fierce"

function

"cast dewdrops upon the earth"

p. 464b "granaries, treasure"

merchants, travellers, messengers

 

pestilence and famine, lightning and thunder

14.2.2 p. 453a Moche planets

"goddess with disheveled hair"

 

"Bean Lord"

Humming-bird

rainbow-serpent-belted god

14.2.2 p. 453a "The god who wears the rainbow-serpent belt ... is the equivalent of the Quechua and Aymara Thunder God". {cf. [Norse] thunder-god To`rr, wearer of "strength-increasing belt"}

14.2.2 p. 451b "Iguana as the priest fascinated by Venus may represent another planet." (If so, that must be Jupiter. With the "granaries" of planet Jupiter, cf. [Yucatec day-name] Kan (‘Ripe’) = [Aztec day-name] Cuetzpallin (‘Lizard’).}

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14.2.5 p. 464b world-ages (according to Guaman Poma de Ayala)

__-runa (‘people’)

its duration (in years)

Uari-viracocha

800

Uari

1300

Purun

1100

Auca

2100

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14.3 pp. 467-468 S^erente myths of planets

S^erente

Maidu [& Sandwich Islander etc.]

Astika [& Hellenic]

S^an

p. 467b Asare "tried to drink all" the water produced by a well dug by the Sururu brethren.

   

The king Sau-von "may be seen ... coming down to drink", on account of judgement by god Sakya.

 

["while Ka-ula-hea (in the narrative sometimes called Ole-pau) lay asleep, his second soul, kino wailua, deserting its post of duty as life-guard over the bodily

tenement, had stolen away in pursuit of its own pleasures." (P&H, p. 78)]

 

By the projected dream-spirit of the sleeping soothsayer Pau-surn-swan,

The cayman which had

Thunder [cf. Chinese thunder-roaring alligator (W&WL, p. 29)] was slain by

Crocodile was slain by

a crocodile had been murdered (F-TB, p. 97) :

thrice attacked Asare (Rigel),

   

the spirit of that dead crocodile, Sau-von was persecuted (F-TB, p. 98).

was slain by Asare’s uncle, the skunk (Conepatus).

Skunk (ML). ["Dakota chiefs ... had the skins of skunks tied to their heels" (AS, p. 34).] [In 2nd world were (BH, p. 15) Koli`c^iyaw ‘Skunk’ and

Vis.n.u, whose avatara Kr.s.n.a died of a heel-wound.

 

p. 468a "message from Asare (Rigel) saying that the Sun is pleased".

Kwa`hu ‘Eagle’ : eagle-feathers "represent the rays of the sun" (BH, p. 94).]

Vis.n.u was "riding his eagle" on this occasion (IM, p. 187).

Sau-von ascended to the vicinity of the sun.

"Jupiter, a woman, came down to Earth, and married a man, who kept her hidden in a gourd.

[Women "rouse goddess Kapo from sleep — She of the black-spotted red robe. O Kapo, reenter your Sun-temple And bathe in your sacred water-pool — Round as a gourd" (P&H, p. 41).]

   

Then she took him to the sky".

["Alohi-lani, literally, the brightness of heaven"is "the abode of Kapo-ula-kina'u" (P&H, p. 37).]

   
 

[Encountered by Kapo was the woman Mana-mana-ia-kalu-ea who was "without hands." (P&H, p. 68)]

Nose, ears, and breasts of goddess S`urpa-nakha were lopped off (SD, p. 19).

 
 

["Kapo — sister, or

aunt of Hiiaka — ... came not only as an interested spectator but as a friend of king Ka-ula-hea." (P&H, p. 80)]

[Oinone was married to Paris; their son was Koruthos (GM 159.v), who raised since infancy (GM 141.d) Telephos.]

 

"Venus appears in Sherente myth as an ulcerated and impoverished male, who was badly treated by all the humans whom he met except Wainkaura ... . ...

 

[Telephos was punished "with leprous scabs", until cured by the seer Polu-eidos (GM 141.h).

 

From the body of the dove, Venus made a boat in which Waikaura and his family were saved." [cf. Moche "fisher god on a flying (bird-borne) boat" (p. 451a, Fig. 14.21).]

 

At the advice of Polu-eidos, the winged horse Pegasos was captured in order to be ridden (GM 75.b).]

 
 

[Hiiaka caused the death of the captive soul of Ka-ula-hea (P&H, p. 81).]

[Devotion to Helene caused the death of Paris (GM 166.e).]

 

P&H = Nathaniel B. Emerson : Pele and Hiiaka. Honolulu, 1915. http://www.archive.org/stream/pelehiiakamythfr00emer/pelehiiakamythfr00emer_djvu.txt

W&WL = Dallas McCurley : "The Winds and Ways of Lu". http://www.baylor.edu/content/services/document.php/44181.pdf

ML = http://www.firstpeople.us/FP-Html-Legends/TheTheftofFire-Maidu.html

AS = Joseph Epes Brown: Animals of the Soul. Element, Rockport (MA), 1992.

BH = Frank Waters : Book of the Hopi. Viking Penguin, 1963.

IM = Devdutt Pattanaik : Indian Mythology.

SD = Wendy Doniger : Splitting the Difference. U of Chicago Pr, 1999.

F-TB = Gerry Abbott & Khin Thant Han : The Folk-Tales of Burma. Brill, 2000. http://books.google.com/books?id=VILAPXjjbhQC&pg=PA97&lpg=PA97&dq=myth+"killed+the+crocodile"&source=bl&ots=K6yuLH5EO8&sig=lgrGH57jrcWnIBTX8hCzGH2QuKA&hl

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14.3 p. 470a, Table. 14.6 Barasana constellations (1st – 12th = "new path" of harmless deities; 13th – 20th = "old path" of harmful deities)

#

asterism

meaning

identity

1st

Nyokoaro [< /nyokoa/ ‘stars’ (p. 469a)]

star thing [Star Woman’s 8 fire-sticks (p. 469b)]

Pleiades

2nd

Wamu Saniro Kihika

small umari-fruit fence

 

3rd

Wai Kasabo

fish-smoking rack

Hyades

4th

Wamu Saniro Haigu

large umari-fruit fence

 

5th

Nyokoaro Bukura

old star thing

Orion’s Head?

6th

Mekahiamu

leaf-cutter ant

Betelegeuse

7th

Sioruhu

adze

Orion’s Belt & Sword

8th

Muha Buhua

jacunda`-fish

Rigel

9th

Timi Haigu (Maha Hesau)

big otter

Sirius

10th

Sioruhu Bukura

old adze

Canis Major?

11th

Wania Timia (Ria Timia)

small otters

Procyon, Castor, Pollux

12th

Rasikamu

crayfish

Leo?

13th

Buhu

poisonous spider

Centaurus?

14th

Kotibaha

scorpion

Lupus?

15th

Iya Yai

caterpillar-jaguar

Scorpius

16th

Anya

poisonous snake

Corona Australis

17th

Rihoa Mangu

headless corpse [headless eagle, beheaded by his daughter Anya (p. 469b)]

?

18th

Yuka

vulture

Altair

19th

Masa Hoti

corpse bundle "body of Star woman, killed by wasps"

Delphinus

20th

Hamo

armadillo

Corona Borealis

Hugh-Jones 1982

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15.3.1 p. 487b steeds of the planet-deities, at Ankor Wat

#

deity

planet

steed

1st

Ketu

comet

lion

2nd

Agni

Saturn

rhinoceros

3rd

Yama

--

buffalo

4th

Indra

Jupiter

elephant

5th

Kubera

Venus

horse

6th

Skanda

Mars

peafowl

7th

Varun.a

Mercury

hamsa [swan]

8th

Nirr.ti

--

yaks.a

Mannikka (1996, p. 1996)

_______________________________________

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David H. Kelley & Eugene R. Milone : Exploring Ancient Skies : an Encyclopedic Survey of Archaeoastronomy. Springer Verlag, 2005.