Ethnography and Shamanism of the C^oko`, Appendices

tribes : N[oanama`], E[mbera`], K[atio], C^[ami`]

I. -- pp. 170-173 myths : sagas

p.

#

tr.

saga

170

1

N

Mother ells her twin sons their "father’s death by snake. ... Fit out raft to look for giant snake of Rio San Juan. Huacamayo bird warns snake ... . Snake swallows twins and raft. ... At that time sky was close to earth. Man ... makes a garment of cotton grass. Flies toward moon. Woodpecker flies out from where the sun rises. Pecks man’s face who lets go moon ... . Man goes to ... where the sun sets. ... Boy ... gives him caimito or ‘star apple’ fruit ... . ... Man and boy throw caimito fruit into water to attract fish away from swallowing sun, who dives into water ... with man on his back. They arrive in Armia, the underworld. A beautiful country with fine rivers, waterfalls, beaches ... . On passing eight houses {cf. Roman 8-day week (novena)} sun left the man with the Sinculos, the inhabitants of Armia. ... But the enemy turn out to be crayfish and crabs {cf. battle against crayfish-people and crab-people in the True History by Loukianos}, which the man eats. Two boys ... smell their food and have no anus. ...

171

   

They ... pour the mixture over him as he sleeps. {cf. anointing at Bet->el of stone whereon Ya<qob sleepeth} Next morning they find a large stone where he had been. They smash the stone. The splinters become ... falling into the water become leeches."

 

5

K

"Otter causes man to conceive in calf of leg which is born ... . Is called Herupotoarre, or born from leg. ... Then ... ascends to moon by means of ladder. Woodpecker breaks ladder. ... Ambuina kills him. His body becomes or turns into ... mosquitoes ... . Ambuina also dies. His body turns into poisonous wasps."

 

7

C^

"Man fishing at full moon. Otter embraces his leg. {cf. the gestation of Semele’s [Dor. /semelo-/ ‘snail’] aborted foetus}... Child will only eat mother’s menstrual blood. {cf. the legend from Daha in Java, wherein a princess while menstruating was transmuted into a golden snail (TGS)} ...

172

   

Tell him shark killed mother. ... Shark swallows man but man ... kills it. ... People weep because he was their god. ... Women tell him that moon killed mother. ... Woodpecker breaks stair as man reached moon’s path. ... Deer brings him back to his house. ... Decide to kill him with hot water {/brasi-/ ‘boiling’ : Brasiai, whither drifted the dead Semele (Pausanias 3:24:4 --STh)} as he sleeps ... . ... Later bitten by wasp and dies."

173

12

N

"Twin born from leg ... . ...they climb day after day rill they reach the moon. Just as they give the moon a slap, the reason for its spotted face, woodpecker cuts the binding. One twin falls in ... the west. Other falls in headwater above where sun is born, in east. ... They throw caimito into water ... and sun and twin dive into other world. ... When they are old they die by drinking boiling water then turn into stone, which people chipped."

TGS = http://www.shvoong.com/books/children-and-youth/1949911-tale-golden-snail/

STh = http://www.theoi.com/Georgikos/Thyone.html

III.(i) -- App. 175-177 myths : creation

p.

#

tr.

narration

175

21

N

"Most powerful god is Ewandama (Evandama) who ... lives in the sky. ... Whilst Ewandama created man Edau made sun and moon ... . ... Ewandama ... made great river of milk ... dodaka kiru, in which all men had to swim". {cf. churning of sea of milk in order to produce deities, according to Skanda Puran.a}

 

22

N

"Pelican made first human at mouth of Baudo` river. They were women. The beach was full of naked women. ... Next day at dawn he found men and women copulating. God disapproves and ... music song-birds make is on God’s bones."

176

27

K

"Caragabi makes man from stone Monpahuara, but can only move eyes and smile. But Tuturuica makes man from clay. He walks and talks. Caragabi makes first women from this clay."

177

31

C^

"Karagabi cuts down barrigona palm ... . Days later he returns to uncover a hole in tree with many people coming out. {cf. beetle-larvae eating felled heart-of-palm} ... When ant bit them they died. The women bore children from calf of leg."

III.(ii) -- p. 177 myths : elements

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tr.

narration

33

E

"orphan boy ... goes to live in his canoe where he meets one night girl from Chiaperera the underworld. Both throw themselves into water and reach underworld where are married. Boy is obliged to bathe to change his skin.. A son is born ... with all types of maize in child’s bowels."

III.(iii) – pp. 178-179 myths : tree / water / rock

p.

#

tr.

narration

178

39

E

"Flood comes. ... Fish is sawing off hill. ... to kill it, ... only otter succeeds."

 

40

K

"where Jenene the giant tree is, ... there is much water. Caragabi sends humming bird to find it. ... Caragabi ... asks Gentsera for water who refuses. Caragabi turns her into a large ant. ... There is a great flood."

 

42

K

"After two days’ cutting Caragabi claps hands and produces brilliant light so as to work at night. ... Tree falls, inundates the earth

179

   

and only Caragabi plus ten companions survive ... . They climb high rock. After year Caragabi sends herons, vultures and duck to seek land".

 

43

C^

"Hentsere owns water. ... Karagabi calls together ... eight squirrels (Ardita sp.). ... When tree falls the squirrel’s nose-ring all breaks into pieces."

III.(iv) -- pp. 179, 181 myths : monsters

p.

#

tr.

narration

179

45

N

"man sees large man sitting in forest take off head, examine for lice and replace it. ... at night ... alpadi jumps upon companions, tearing out their hearts as they sleep. [p. 205, n. 148 : "the alpadi (certainly reminiscent of the giant anteater) uses its spike-shaped hand to rip out hearts which he eats."] But the man lept ... using a flexible kara pole, ... then hides agouti-like in hole in the ground. ... Men ... resolve to kill the female also. Using calabash they calm her, and ... three men ... kill female alpadi which has only right breast."

181

52

N

"man ... finds snake’s egg ... . Snake hatches out in fourteen say, ... is fed on maize and called Dotor-ui-ui. ... daughter left in hut to her first menses. Snakes swallow girl. Parrot tells girl’s parents".

II.(v) – pp. 181-182 myth : tricksters

p.

#

tr.

narration

181

55

N

"Man hollowing canoe tells agouti to fetch better axe from his house. Agouti tells man’s wife and daughter allowed to lie with them. He does ... . ... Agouti travels on. Come to ants’ village where they want to eat him. Wraps himself in leaves ants like and passes on while ants eat leaves. Agouti asks alligator to ferry him across river and not to eat him. {this feat is assigned by the Cherokee to their ‘Br’er Rabbit’ instead of to Agouti} Alligator agrees".

182

56

E

"Armadillo ... passes by mountains till reaches Puerto Pizarro. Finds many women there who are virgins and makes love to them."

III.(vi) – p. 182 myths : metamorphosis

#

tr.

narration

62

K

"Indians called Carautas were gold workers ... but ... had incestuous inter {intra}-family unions. God converted them into animals."

64

K

"After death the soul of Indians wander near where lived, to look for a companion, for one does not go to other world alone."

65

K

"The souls of dead jaibana (shamans) may become nunsi, a type of deep-pool river fish whose eyes sparkle like fire".

III.(vii) – pp. 183-184 myths : other

p.

#

tr.

narration

183

66

N

"Toad was a musician, spider an dancer. Both go to dance where spider ... dances first. Toad ... plays drum ... . After the party is over the bats tidy the house and find toad and throw him outside."

 

67

N

"Cholo boy ... Catches quichero fish and takes it alive to a large pool in the forest. Each day brings it small fry, calling soli ... soli, it eats out of his hand. {cf. nurturing of live fish in captivity by Manu Vaivasvata} ... Takes two firebrands, walks on beach. Sinks deeper

184

   

and deeper till firebrands are far down below the water."

 

68

K

"Caragabi gave name to different families ... like Carupia, Celis, Chavari, bailaria, Guaceruca, Donimo, Sinigui".

PITT RIVERS MUSEUM, UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD, MONOGRAPH No. 6 = Donald Tayler : Embarkations : Ethnography and Shamanism of the Choco` Indians of Colombia. 1996.