Mythology of the Yami tribe on the island of Botel (p. 12 [in Puyuma & Ami] Buturu) - Tobago (p. 11 [= in Sung-dynasty Chinese] Tambako = [in Ching-dynasty Chinese] An-tau-su = [in Japanese] Ko-to-s^o)

[p. 8 its language similar to that of Vasay, Itbayat, and Satang in the Philippines]

to the southeast of [in Japanese] Takasago (= [in Portuguese] Formosa = [in Chinese] Tai-wan)

naming at baptism

p. 39, fn. 14 pointing finger at crown of head

{cf. touching finger-tip to crown of head for exorcism}

growth of head & limbs outward from stone, to become man Sitoronan

{cf.depiction in Codex Vindobonensis Mexicanus of the Mixtec}

pp. 39-40 origin-myth: 1st 2 men


elder man

younger man


origin from stone fallen from sky onto I-paptok {cf. Bodish myths of coming of human souls for incarnation via meteors; cf. also Zulu}

origin from bamboo {cf. Zulu origin of first human Unkulunkulu from bamboo}


went to Ilatai;

went to Ivalinu;


stopped at Imasapau and there found iron

stopped at Kasavilugan and there found silver

p. 40 "Long were the penes of these two and they were joined to their knee-joints. ... And from the knee-joints [of each] ... issued offspring: a male from the right knee-joint and a female from left [knee-joint]." {cf. [Australian aboriginal] myth of primordial man with long penis; [Latin] genu "knee" < gen- "to beget"}

pp. 40-41 origin-myth: social exchanges between knee-born men





Result of marriage of siblings from knees of same man: blind child. [fn. 17 "A similar misadventure occurred ... in the Puyuma myth."]

"wherefore they exchanged wives."


Silver bent against hardwood.

they exchanged metals

pp. 45-53 [Puyuma of southeastern Takasago (not Yami)] origin-myth


Puyuma myth



The god IBaGo caused that "the bamboo split open. First a woman sprang out of it, then a man.

{IBoGa narcotic drug in Gabon}


... the woman to the path on the right round .... the man the path on the left.

{[in Kojiki] walking around menhir, 1st woman greeted 1st man}


... The woman gave birth to a female child who had no bones and

{female dancers are said to "have no bones" [in African metaphor]}


was blind."

{cf. [Hellenic] blind goddess of Justice}


repeat of origin, with about ancestral woman +Paconsel & ancestral man Pacomarai: but on this occasion, "the man taking the path on his right, the woman on his [Ibago's] left."

{[in Kojiki] in repeat of walking around menhir, 1st man greeted 1st woman}


They had children, "But when the first elder children grew older a skin disease covered the whole of their bodies."

cf. p. 57 [Yami myth] anti-god Sariasap "changes them [some humans] to ... pockmarked [with disease]."


Iboga decided to quarantine them in the island of "Saffran (Kashoto)." "And the god threw a wooden bridge over the sea, joining the coast to the island.

{Cf. Rama-candra's floating bridge to the island Lanka.}


In the island there was a very tall pole .... Flocks of black birds flew round and round the pole, and the sky was lifted up to where it is at present."


The younger of the children of +Paconsel & Pacomarai, in turn, had 4 children, whom Iboga cast into "a hole in the earth".

[This "hole in the earth" may be the "subterranean house" in 7th plane (Lower part)]


There, "underground", "they were changed into large fish" in sea there.

{Cf. people changed into fish in cavern-stream, according to the 8th of the <arabian 1,001 Nights: "citizens ... she transformed by her enchantments into fishes; the Moslems are the white, the Magians red, the Christians blue and the Jews yellow."}


The elder children (skin-diseased) had a daughter, who had "sharp teeth that encircled her vulva."

{Cf. [Maori] +Hine-nui-te-Po, etc.}


She was "put ... inside a box which they ... cast into the sea."

{Cf. Hemi-thea "1/2-goddess" who was put into a chest and cast into sea, GM 161.g}


Her 2 children (by sweet-potato man) were transformed, by her throwing boiling fat onto them, into 2 crows.

[p. 48, fn. 22 "the Scottish legend of the Twa Corbies"]


Children crying out kit-kite (lizard's cry) were "fed ... on insects, snakes, snails and centipedes."

[Cf. "scraps and refuse" fed to children in 7th plane (Lower part)] {Cf. centipedes etc. of Minos}


Elder brother climbed via kite-string to heaven.



In order to cure his younger brother, elder brother threatened him with knife.

{Cf. cure of Iphiklos by Melampous after his being threatened with knife by Phulakos, GM 72.e}


During earthquake, uncle was lanced by elder brother, whose hands and feet thereupon became paralyzed.

{cf. Erp}

creatrix & creator of the universe

p. 57 Yami

Taino of Cuba



S.C. & Biafra



[or else, by a couple, namely:]


[in the east] +Terayc^a-pada / +Takaru-pada


[&, in the south, her husband] TAMAGiSanga the rain-god



[their work of creating humans being uglified by the god in the north, namely:]






[there are also 2 war-deities:]







[&] Tapali-SePE


SaPElo i.

(figured on pp. 54-56) the 8 superposed elliptical planes of the Yami cosmos


ordinal #, counting downwards

function of plane

major S^I deities {cf. ati-S`aY-in ("reclining beyond") in sky}




rain, lightning, thunder

storm-god's son is depicted (p. 54) bent over backwards {cf. Kemetian god}

unknown as to how long a time was god (p. 58) {cf. Kala, Zrvan}



longhouses (condominium-houses): all made of gold, in 7 endogamous villages (p. 62)

S^imo-ra-po & +S^imo-mi-ma (p. 55)

Tau-ro-to (Tau-du-to divinities: Si Torijau / Si Umina & Si Animus / Si Vidai, pp. 61-62). Goddess thence married mortal man for 9 years (p. 63)



wild-haired pot-bellied gods (p. 55) {cf. Lamba-udara}

S^ipariud & S^ivairai

demigods who become rats, are thieves {cf. Whiro & Hermes}



only goddesses: they determine humans' lifespan


+Pi-na-lun-ao goddesses spilling water from bowl {cf. +Danai:des}



islands, canoes

[this world]

the Yami



butterflies, preying-mantises, cocoons

[ordinary underworld for multiple souls]

the Yami-anito: the 8 souls of each Yami


7th ["(Upper part)", p. 55]

[clump of balung-bung grass concealing entrance to that underworld accessible to the living]

[earthly opening called Ginu-awungo into that underworld enterable by the living]

{cf. [Latin] mundus, [Hopi] sipapu: ritual entrances to the underworld}


7th "(Lower part)"

"subterranean house" {Siberian-style}

[p. 68 here are "children ... feeding ... only on scraps and refuse."]

women (depicted long-haired, p. 55 on right)




Kamurai the serpent

"five massive tree trunks" (p. 57) supporting upper planes

p. 59 there is a sun on on the 2nd & 7th planes, "the 5th one having two." (p. 71 "alternate planes")

p. 68 "the 3rd, 6th and 8th planes of existence (in the 9 plane scheme) are ... anito counterparts of the corresponding divine (2nd), Yami (5th) and human (7th) planes immediately above them"

GM = Robert Graves: The Greek Myths. 1955.

Arundel del Re: Creation Myths of the Formosan Natives. Hokuseido Press, Tokyo, n.d.