Cesair & Partholo`n : comparisons with other mythologies
Praesumably associated with the fact that both these nationalities been beeing heavily enslave during the Roman republic, Keltic religion is known to have been similar, in ritual aspects, to Thraikian religion, as, e.g., in the aequivalence of (in Gallia Togata Trans-padana) the name /Medio-LANum/ (which had been praeceded at the same site by the Etruscan town Melpum/Melzo, CE, vol. 1, p. 184) with the Thraikian /LENos/ (as written in Attic) 'woolen fillet worn by Dio-nusiak devotees', where such wool may be referred not only to the powdred-wig, commemorative of "his head and his hair were white like wool", but also to how (LI, s.v. "Ceasair", p. 76a) Irish heroine "Ceasair ... brought into Ireland the first SHEEP ever to be in the country." (In order to entre a dream luckily -- sheep "being considered lucky animals" and able to foretell the future, LI, s.v. "Sheep", p. 454b -- one ought to count 99 of them, 99 being the arms of Vaidik god Uran.a 'Ram', R.c Veda 2:14:4 -- ID, p. 40.)
Where, as in the Lebor Gaba`la, "the utimate origin of the Irish people is put down to Scythia" (LI, s.v. "Mi`l", p. 346a), this is an error likely to be derived the fallacious assertion that Odruses is (LI, s.v. "Byzas", p. 80a) "the king of Scythia." The Odrusai were (BNP, s.v. "Odrysae") a tribe in the Tonzos river-valley in Thraike; and mention of "Odras" (ECM&F, p. 366a) as a heroine in Irish mythology is a sufficient indication of dependence of Irish lore on this segment of Thraikian mythology.
Other such religious connections between Keltic and Thraikian are be be found in the mythologies, such as in Irish /BITh/ = Thraikian /BITias/ (both being apparently cognate with English /pith/, a pith-helmet commemorating the pith of the giant-fennel kept by Prometheus smoldring, as in the Pentakostal flames which sat upon the apostoloi, Acts of the Apostles 2:3).
LI = Da`ithi` O` hO`ga`in : The Lore of Ireland. Collins Pr, Wilton (Cork), 2006; Boydell Pr, Woodbridge (Suffolk), 2006.
ID = N. N. Bhattacharyya : Indian Demonology. Manohar Publ, Delhi, 2000.
BNP, s.v. "Odrysae". http://referenceworks.brillonline.com/entries/brill-s-new-pauly/odrysae-e828380#
Irish /Bith/ ('World') is aequivalent to Hellenic /bitos/ ('tyre'), apparently through a tyre's (fitting around the circumference of a wheel) resembling (Strong's 8414) Tohuw, which "is the green circle ("ḳaw") which surrounds the cosmos" ("C--PE"), known to Muslim cosmology as mt Qaf and to the Puran.a as one of the two constituent concentric mountain-ranges of the cosmic rim Loka-aloka ('World-Lamp').
JE"C--PE" = "Cosmogony -- Primal Elements". http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/4684-cosmogony#anchor7
Bith, (DCeM, s.v. "Bith") "With the counsel of his daughter Cesair, ... built an idol who commanded him to build a ship and take refuge in it." Bith (ECM&F, s.v. "Bith", p. 46b) "then moved with 17 of Cesair's 50 handmaidens to" northern Eire : because in connection with a sea-voyage, these 17 handmaidens are comparable with the 17 varieties of divine canoes in Gilbert-Islands mythology (perhaps derived from a heptadecad of warp-drives propelling flying-saucer mother-ships). Bitias hath (V:Ae 9.673 -- DCM, s.v. "Iaera") as his father Alkanor (/alka/ 'valor, courage' + /anor/ 'mind' -- cf. Strong's 6063 /<aner/, in the Septuagint, JE"A--BD", /Aunan/, i.e., Strong's 5772 /<ownah/ 'duty of marriage', who opposed circumcision because it would detract from the sexual duty of marriage) and as his mother Iaira. This name /Iaira/ may contain Strong's 5895 /<ayir/ ('colt, foal'), which is extended to Strong's 6198 /<eran/, the name of a folk (B-Midbar 26:36) commencing with (1st Dibrey ha-Yamiym 7:20) Bered ('Hailstone'), the same meaning as for Old Irish /casar/ (Cesair).
"Bith took Barran" (as 1st of his 17 maidens -- HI, p. 108); and "Ladra took Balba" (/balb/ 'dumb, silent', as 1st of his 16 maidens -- loc. cit.) : Barran may be Sabine goddess Feronia (LD, p. 739b) = naks.atra-goddess Bharan.i ('luffa', name of a fruit used for scouring and for hats, SD); Balba may be the nymph Bolbe ('Bulb'), who is mother of Olunthos (Strong's 3653 'untimely fig', metaphoric of 'meteor' in Apokalupsis of Ioannes 6:13), whose father is Strumon :which could identify Ladra (cf. Skt /lodhra/ 'Symplocos racemosa', a tree ingested against dysentery, dropsy, elephantiasis, conjunctivitis, snake-venom, etc.) with Strumon, a name referring to the /strumox/ 'wood for constructing lenoi (woolen filets of Dionusiak devotees)'.
SD = Monier Monier-Williams : A Sanskrit Dictionary.
DCM = Pierre Grimal (transl. by A. R. Maxwell-Hyslop) : The Dictionary of Classical Mythology. Blackwell Publ, Oxford, 1986.
LD = Lewis & Short : A Latin Dictionary. Oxford : Clarendon Pr, 1879.
DCeM = James MacKillop : Dictionary of Celtic Mythology. Oxford Univ Pr, 1998.
HI = Geoffrey Keating (transl. from the Gaelic by John O'Mahony) : The History of Ireland : From the Earliest Period to the English Invasion. NY : P. M. Haverty, 1857. https://books.google.com/books?id=qc0vAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA108&lpg=PA108&dq=
JE"A--BD" = "Aner -- Biblical Data". http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/1512-aner#anchor1
Apokalupsis of Ioannes http://biblehub.com/revelation/6-13.htm ; Koine Hellenic text http://biblehub.com/text/revelation/6-13.htm
Bitias hath as twin-brother Pandaros; this or another Pandaros (whose name could denote a relationship to the Phrygian imputed epos-author Dares) is from (DCM, s.v. "Pandarus") the city Zeleia (/zelos/ 'zeal' -- this being the name of a letter of the alphabet in Lukia) and is descendant of (DCM, s.v. "Carcabus") the city's founder Karkabos (cf. /karkadon/ 'herb paid as fee to Kharon by the dead'), son Tri-opas ('3-eyed' -- evidently the Hindu understanding of the pineal gland as 3rd eye is an importation from Thraikian doctrine) king of the Perrhaibai (apparently identical with the EDONes -- whence the Hindu doctrine of ADNa-maya-kos`a) betwixt Mak-edon and Thraike.
The 51 women were apportioned amongst Bith, Ladru, and Finntan. After the deaths of Bith and of Ladru (/ladar/ 'grip, grasp' -- perhaps aequivalent to Hadding, foster-son, according to Saxo Grammaticus, of turs-woman Hard-greip 'Hard-Grip', so-named because she grasped a gigantic hand, evidently that of Skyrnir), Finntan ('Bright Time' -- perhaps the aequivalent of Zarathustrian Zrvan-akarana, said to be supreme above Ahura-mazda and above Angro-mainyu), departing from the 50 women, became a recluse within the interior of a hill overlooking the river (LI, p. 251b) : cf. the praeferred North-AmerIndian vision-quaest atop a cliff overlooking a river, the interiority of the hill referring to 'Hill-Heart' Aztec god Tepe-yollotl. The mother of Finntan is Bo`chna ('Sea'); the father of Finntan may be (LI, l.c.) Labhraid, whose harper is renowned for (DCeM, s.v. "Labraid Loingsech", p. 258a) his talking harp obtained "on the advice of a druid" : much as the ship Argoi (as constructed by AReSToR : after whom is named the RoSTRum 'beak' of a ship's prow) is renowned for (DCM, s.v. "Argonauts", p. 55b) its talking oracular oaken (from Dodona) beam.
The name /Partholo`n/ (alternatively /Parthalo`n/, DCeM, p. 320a) may signify 'Partizan of the Alauni (a partially Keltic tribe in Noricum -- CE, vol. 1, p. 118)', worshipping the Alounae goddesses. In view of the Druids' devotion to oak-trees, it is likely enough that the name /Alaun-/ is derived from Strong's 437 />allown/ 'oak'. The Hellenic aequivalent may be Eleon (/Elewon-/?), whose son begat (DCM, s.v. "Glaucia") a son on river-nymph Glaukia ('Green') : cf. the Gallic 'Green Ladies' "over waterfalls and laughing" (ECM&F, s.v. "Dames Vertes", p. 116b). Partholo`n's druid FIOS hath a name cognate with that of Veda-VYASa; which may suggest a likeness of Partholo`n to Vyasa's stepfather S`antanu. Where Fios with his two brethren "are described as having three fathers and three mothers through joint parentage" (DCeM, s.v. "Eo`las"), this could allude to Vyasa's begetting of three sons as imputed-progeny heirs for other kings.
CE = Harry Mountain : The Celtic Encyclopedia. upublish.com, 1998. https://books.google.com/books?id=LTbc1GIAwcIC&pg=PA118&lpg=PA118&dq=
[written Dec 10-12 2015]